Greensboro in Guilford County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park
Another such victory would ruin the British army.
Charles James Fox, addressing the House of Commons after news of the Battle of Guilford Courthouse reached London.
Fighting along the third line swayed back and forth. From Continental positions here, the Third Line Trail crosses the contested terrain of the stream valley below to the British position on the other side.
Here on the high ground overlooking the stream valley stood the American third line, a mix of seasoned Continentals and new recruits. They waited tensely for the enemy, who had momentum after overrunning the first and second lines. When the British Guards emerged from the woods below, the fiercest fighting of the day ensued.
Just as the British overwhelmed this left flank, Lt. Col. William Washington’s cavalry slashed in from the right and inflicted heavy casualties. Cornwallis then ordered British Royal Artillery to fire canister and grapeshot into the melee, driving back the American cavalry and Maryland Continentals. The end of the battle was an anticlimax. When the British regrouped ad began to outflank this line, Greene directed an orderly retreat.
The British had gained the field and won a tactical victory, but at crippling cost. A quarter of Cornwallis’s army – 500 of the finest British troops in America – were killed or wounded in these fields and thickets. Seven months later came the surrender at Yorktown.
Erected by Guilford Courthouse National Military Park, National Park Service.
Location. 36° 8.042′ N, 79° 50.11′ W. Marker is in Greensboro, North Carolina, in Guilford County. Marker can be reached from Guilford Courthouse Tour Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. The marker is located in Guilford Courthouse National Military Park, along the auto tour road at stop 6. Marker is in this post office area: Greensboro NC 27410, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Backcountry Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); American Artillery (a few steps from this marker); Liberty Oak Tree (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Line Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Guilford Courthouse National Military Park (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Peter Francisco / Marquis of Bretigny and Col. Wm. Washington (approx. ¼ mile away); Legend vs. Reality (approx. ¼ mile away); Death of Stewart (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Greensboro.
More about this marker. The background of the marker features a picture of the final clash of American and British forces.
Also see . . .
1. Guilford Courthouse National Military Park. National Park Service. (Submitted on February 5, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. The Battle of Guilford Courthouse. The American Revolutionary War website. (Submitted on February 5, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
3. The Battle of Guilford Courthouse 1781. An account of the Battle of Guilford Courthouse from a British perspective from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on February 5, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 5, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 335 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 5, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 4. submitted on March 17, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.