Baytown in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Humble Oil & Reﬁning Company
In 1917 the company obtained a state charter under the name Humble Oil & Refining Company. In order to finance the building of a refinery, fifty percent of the company stock was sold to Standard Oil of New Jersey. The first oil was pumped into a still at the new refinery on May 11, 1920.
As the company expanded and employed more people, a town grew up around the refinery. The company provided low-interest home loans to its employees. By the 1930s research was being conducted at the Baytown refinery, resulting in the production of vital products for the U. S. war effort during World War II.
The post-war years saw additional expansion at the refinery, and the company was merged with Standard Oil of New Jersey in 1959. The Humble name was used until 1972, when Standard Oil Company (NJ) became known as Exxon Corporation.
Erected 1989 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10703.)
Location. Touch for map. The marker is near the front gate to the Exxon refinery. Marker is in this post office area: Baytown TX 77520, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Goose Creek Stream (approx. 1½ miles away); Homesite of William Scott (approx. 2.1 miles away); K'Nesseth Israel Synagogue (approx. 2.2 miles away); Wooster School (approx. 2.7 miles away); Dr. Ashbel Smith (approx. 2.7 miles away); Bayland Orphanage (approx. 2.9 miles away); The Bayland Guards (approx. 2.9 miles away); Confederate Naval Works at Goose Creek (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baytown.
Regarding Humble Oil & Refining Company. ExxonMobil's (originally Humble Oil) Baytown Refinery in Baytown, Texas is the largest oil refinery in the United States, with an input capacity of over 1/2 million barrels per day. The now large City of Baytown, Texas came into existence as a result of the refinery's location. The nearby area was originally called Goose Creek because there was a small settlement on the banks of the creek and an oilfield (called the Goose Creek oil field).
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Moonshine Hill in nearby Humble, TX is the reason for the name "Humble Oil".
Also see . . .
1. Humble Oil & Refining Company in Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
2. Goose Creek Oil Field in Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 503 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. 3. submitted on April 25, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. 4. submitted on April 13, 2013. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.