Washington in Beaufort County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Attack On Washington
March, 1862. Confederate
efforts to recapture it
failed, 1862 and 1863.
Erected 1958 by Archives and Highway Departments. (Marker Number B-15.)
Location. 35° 32.642′ N, 77° 3.569′ W. Marker is in Washington, North Carolina, in Beaufort County. Marker is on West Main Street near Van Norden Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located 1 block east of Highway US 17 Business. Marker is in this post office area: Washington NC 27889, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Havens Memorial Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Siege Of Washington (within shouting distance of this marker); African Americans Defend Washington (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); USS Picket (about 500 feet away); C. C. Cambreleng (about 500 feet away); John H. Small (about 600 feet away); Burning Of Washington (about 700 feet away); Daniel G. Fowle (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Washington.
Regarding Attack On Washington. In 1862 a Boston Journal correspondent described Washington as an agreeable town of about
residents “some two thirds of whom have seen fit to leave for the interior.” When forces under Brigadier
General Ambrose Burnside, arrived on March 21, the remaining citizens “met the troops with every
expression of welcome.” So prevalent were the Union sentiments that Burnside stationed troops from the 24th Massachusetts Regiment and several gunboats at the town, effectively occupying Washington.
In March 1863 Confederate General Daniel Harvey Hill launched an attack on the federal garrison at
Washington in an attempt to reclaim the city. Confederates seized one battery and fortified others with the intention of launching an artillery bombardment. In the Pamlico River, piles that were cut off below the water line and other sunken impediments made for perilous river travel. Union General J. G. Foster and his men had made it into Washington just prior to Hill’s placement of troops along roads to prevent federal reinforcements from reaching the garrison. The armies engaged in artillery attacks off and on for until mid-April when the Escort, a Union steamer, twice ran past the Confederate batteries. The arrival of supplies and reinforcements having bolstered the federal garrison, Hill withdrew his troops from Washington.
Washington remained under federal control until April 26, 1864 (the present marker states incorrectly
that the Confederates held Washington from March until November), when, as a result of the Confederate victory at Plymouth, Brigadier General Edward Harland was ordered to withdraw from the town. For four days the evacuating troops pillaged Washington, destroying what they could not carry. As the final detachments were preparing to leave Washington on April 30, a fire started in the riverfront warehouse district, spreading quickly, until about one half of the city was in ashes.
General Robert F. Hoke entered Washington finding “a ruined city…a sad scene—mostly…chimneys and Heaps of ashes to mark the place where Fine Houses once stood, and the Beautiful trees, which shaded the side walks, Burnt, some all most to a coal.” Hoke left the 6th North Carolina to defend Washington and to assist its citizens. A reversal of fortune would come in November 1864. Following the Union’s recapture of Plymouth, Washington and the whole sound region, again fell under federal control. (North Carolina Office of Archives & History — Department of Cultural Resources)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 24, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 448 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 25, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.