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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Snow Hill in Greene County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Nooherooka

 
 
Nooherooka Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
1. Nooherooka Marker
Inscription.
Tuscarora stronghold.
Site of decisive battle
of the Tuscarora War,
March 20-23, 1713, when
950 Indians were killed
or captured. Site 1 mi. N.

 
Erected 1994 by Division of Archives and History. (Marker Number F-37.)
 
Location. 35° 28.609′ N, 77° 43.689′ W. Marker is in Snow Hill, North Carolina, in Greene County. Marker is at the intersection of State Highway 58 and Fort Run Road (State Highway 1058), on the right when traveling south on State Highway 58. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Snow Hill NC 28580, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. James Glasgow (approx. 1.9 miles away); Hull Road (approx. 5 miles away); Grimsley Baptist Church (approx. 5 miles away); Hookerton Defenses (approx. 8.6 miles away); Peacock's Bridge (approx. 8.9 miles away); Nuclear Mishap (approx. 9.5 miles away); Wheat Swamp Church (approx. 9.9 miles away); Chasing Gen. Potter (approx. 11.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Snow Hill.
 
Regarding Nooherooka. European colonists encroached on Native American land as the colony of North Carolina grew;
Nooherooka Marker looking south on State Route 58 image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
2. Nooherooka Marker looking south on State Route 58
consequently tensions escalated between the two groups. In 1711, the Tuscarora, who controlled most of the land between the Neuse and Roanoke Rivers, began a war with the colonists. In September of that year, the Tuscarora captured and killed John Lawson, whom they believed was the governor. Lawson’s capture signaled the beginning of a three-day rampage that left at least 120 colonists dead in Bath and the surrounding countryside. Men, women and children were killed and their bodies mutilated throughout the region. Houses, stock, and barns were destroyed.
   Colonial leaders failed to formulate a strategy for protection and, instead, sent pleas for assistance to
Virginia and South Carolina. In response, South Carolina sent Colonel John Barnwell fortified with white militia and a large army of Native American allies from the Yamassee tribe that were hostile to the Tuscarora. Upon his arrival in January, 1712, Barnwell expected reinforcements from North Carolina but received little assistance. Barnwell first attacked Torhunta, a network of farms in modern Wayne County. He destroyed all of the forts and villages in the region before leaving the area.
   Barnwell continued his trek through North Carolina in efforts to put an end to Tuscarora strength and
opposition. His next target was another palisade fort at Catechna where he encountered much resistance. Barnwell
Nooherooka Marker at the intersection of NC 58 and Fort Run Road (NC 1058) image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
3. Nooherooka Marker at the intersection of NC 58 and Fort Run Road (NC 1058)
was forced to call a truce and drew back to construct his own fort nearby to force a peace. Barnwell left the colony in disarray later in 1712 and Native Americans continued to attack colonists.
   North Carolina again appealed to South Carolina and another force under the command of Colonel James Moore entered the colony. Moore marched his combined force of North and South Carolina militia and allied Native Americans to Nooherooka. Moore had been informed that the Tuscarora had placed its largest concentration of warriors at the well constructed fort on a branch of Contentea Creek in modern Greene County. Archaeological investigations of the fort have revealed a series of interconnected bunkers and tunnels supplied by large quantities of food and supplies. The fort covered 1 ½ acres and had high palisades.
   Moore laid siege to the fort in March 1713 and defeated the warriors by mining an outer wall and
setting fire to the fort and its structures. It took Moore’s men three days after the fall of the first wall before the fort was completely overtaken. By that time, 392 Tuscarora were burned or killed inside the fort and another 558 were either killed or captured. The fall of Nooherooka signaled the end of concerted Native American resistance to colonists and, all told, by the end of the Tuscarora War, approximately 200 whites and 1,000 natives were killed
Nooherooka Monument located nearby ; Site 1 mile north from marker, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
4. Nooherooka Monument located nearby ; Site 1 mile north from marker, as mentioned






with about 1,000 Tuscarora sold into slavery and over 3000 forced from their homes, many eventually migrating northward to Pennsylvania and New York. With the threat of violence from hostile Native Americans removed, white colonists flooded into the backcountry and extended the frontier farther west. (North Carolina Office of Archives & History — Department of Cultural Resources)
 
Also see . . .  North Carolina History Project - Tuscarora War. ... North Carolinians and the Yamasee waged war against the Tuscarora. Many colonists’ settlements were burned and the Tuscarora ax indiscriminately fell upon men, women, and children. In the end, English colonists prevailed. Captured Tuscarora were sold into slavery and those that escaped northward joined the Iroquois League. ... (Submitted on May 2, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Wars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 1, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 450 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 2, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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