Near Sharpsburg in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
“It Is A.P. Hill”
"The first thing we saw was the gilt eagle that surmounted the pole, then the top of the flag, next the flutter of the stars and stripes itself, slowly mounting, up it rose, then their hats came in sight, still rising the faces emerged, next a range of curious eyes appeared, then such a hurrah as only the Yankee troops could give broke the stillness and they surged against us."
"Hastily emptying our muskets into their lines, we fled back through the cornfield. Oh, how I ran."
All day long the Southern commander, General Robert E. Lee, had taken troops from south of town to stave off defeat at Dunker Church and Sunken Road. Now the Union Ninth Corps looked down at the town and the Army of Northern Virginia faced destruction. Combat artist Edwin Forbes sketched the 9th New York Regiment (Hawkin's Zouaves) in their distinctive uniforms at this climatic moment.
General Lee saw a column of marching men moving up southwest of town:
"It is A.P. Hill from Harpers Ferry."
Hill's light division left Harpers Ferry at 7:30 a.m. that morning. They marched 17 miles in 8 hours - many fell by the road exhausted. They forded the Potomac River, climbed up Miller's Sawmill Road, and came onto the battlefield shortly before
Northern observers saw the marching column, and they signaled General Burnside, commanding Ninth Corps:
"Look out well to your left; the enemy are moving a strong force in that direction."
The 16th Connecticut was the regiment on the Union left. They had been in the army three weeks:
"A terrible volley was fired into us. In a moment we were riddled with shot. Orders were given which were not understood. Neither the line-officers nor the men had any knowledge of regimental movements."
Hill's light division rolled up the last Union attack. Ninth Corps retreated to Antietam Creek. The battle was over.
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. 39° 27.204′ N, 77° 44.351′ W. Marker is near Sharpsburg, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on Branch Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Located at stop 10, the Final Attack, of the driving tour of Antietam Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Sharpsburg MD 21782, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A different marker also named "It Is A.P. Hill" (here, next to this marker); Brown’s (Wise), Virginia Battery (here, next to this marker); The Advance Was Made With the Utmost Enthusiasm The Final Attack (a few steps from this marker); Ninth Army Corps (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Ninth Army Corps (a few steps from this marker); D.R. Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named D.R. Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sharpsburg.
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker is Edwin Forbes sketch of the 9th New York. In the center is a portrait of Major General A.P. Hill, C.S.A. above an illustration depicting the crossing of the Potomac by his division. On the right is a map illustrating the tactical movements described in the text.
Regarding “It Is A.P. Hill”. This marker was replaced by one named "The Final Attack" (see nearby markers).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Branch Avenue Virtual Tour by Markers
Also see . . . Antietam Battlefield. National Park Service site. (Submitted on March 23, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on September 21, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 23, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,121 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 23, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.