St. Augustine in Saint Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose
Fort Mose Historic State Park
On the shore of Robinson Creek, 1/4 mile east of this marker, was the site of a Spanish mission for Indians left homeless during Queen Anne's War.
Since 1688, Negro slaves from the English colonies had found refuge in Spanish St. Augustine. On March 15, 1738, Governor Manuel de Montiano freed them in the name of the King, and later formed a village for them named Gracia Real, at Mose. Here the freedmen would cultivate the ground and learn the Catholic religion. For their protection, a moated earthwork was erected, called Fort Mose.
The freedmen resettled the village and rebuilt the earthwork in 1752, and later formed a militia company. The British dismantled Fort Mose during their rule in Florida.
After their return, the Spaniards rebuilt defenses at Mose in 1797. The East Florida Patriots occupied the deserted site in 1812 during their ill-fated attempt to overthrow
Erected 1965 by St. Johns County Historical Commission.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 29° 55.734′ N, 81° 19.513′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in Saint Johns County. Marker is on Fort Mose Trail east of N. Ponce de Leon Blvd. (U.S. 1). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 15 Fort Mose Trail, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. African Origins (within shouting distance of this marker); 10 Hildreth Drive (approx. ¾ mile away); Former St. Johns County Jail (approx. one mile away); Fullerwood Park Historic District (approx. one mile away); Nelmar Terrace Historic District (approx. 1.3 miles away); The Francis and Mary Usina Bridge (approx. 1½ miles away); Chain Gangs (approx. 1½ miles away); Gault Street (approx. 1½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
Also see . . . America's Black Colonial Fortress of Freedom. (Submitted on May 29, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Colonial Era • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 12, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 28, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 640 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 29, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.