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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Adams County Prison

 
 
The Adams County Prison Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 7, 2013
1. The Adams County Prison Marker
Inscription.
As part of a deal to establish Gettysburg as county seat in 1800, James Gettys donated this lot for a county prison. This two story “bastille-like” building with its 16 foot stone wall enclosing the prison yard was erected in 1851 to replace the first prison facility.

On July 2nd Confederate General Robert E. Lee held a council of war in the building, perhaps to plan the attack later that evening on Cemetery Hill.

Following the Battle, the jail was utilized by the Union Army provost marshal to retain soldiers and civilians charged with violating martial law.

In late 1889 the County enlarged the front of the building to three stories and continued its use until 1948. The Adams County Public Library followed as tenants for the next 40 years. In 1991 the Borough of Gettysburg acquired the property and rehabilitated the structure for its new municipal building.
 
Erected by Main Street Gettysburg, Inc.
 
Location. 39° 49.708′ N, 77° 13.781′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on E High Street west of S Stratton Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is located in front of the current Gettysburg Municipal Building. Marker
The Adams County Prison Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 7, 2013
2. The Adams County Prison Marker
is at or near this postal address: 59 E High Street, Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. “bullets . . . rattling against our hospital . . . ” (a few steps from this marker); Public School (within shouting distance of this marker); “ . . . in less than half an hour . . . ” (within shouting distance of this marker); Pioneer Organizers of Methodism in Adams County (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Presidents Attended Service Here (about 400 feet away); Temples of Mercy (about 400 feet away); Field Hospitals - Cavalry Corps (about 400 feet away); Gettysburg Address Memorial and Abraham Lincoln Statue (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. A photograph of the prison appears on the right side of the marker. It has a caption of “View by Gettysburg photographer Charles J. Tyson in 1865. Photo courtesy of William A. Frassanito.”
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Marker at the Gettysburg Municipal Building image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 7, 2013
3. Marker at the Gettysburg Municipal Building
The Adams County Prison marker can be seen here in front of the Gettysburg Municipal Building.
Second Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 7, 2013
4. Second Marker
This plaque on the former Adams County Prison indicates that this building was here during the Battle of Gettysburg.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 8, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 370 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 8, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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