Calhoun in Gordon County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Cherokee Indian Memorial
Erected in honor of the Cherokee Nation by the United States Government in 1931 on the site of New Echota, last capital of the Cherokee Indians east of the Mississippi River.
The Cherokee Nation, composed of twenty thousand people, occupied territory in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee. It was recognized by the Supreme Court of the United States as an independent community and was the only group of American Indians to adopt a republican form of government based on a written constitution.
John Ross was elected principal chief. Under the influence of Moravian missionaries, the Cherokees became Christianized, and attained a high degree of civilization.
In 1821, Sequoyah, a native Cherokee, invented an alphabet. The first newspaper in the Indian language, "The Cherokee-Phoenix," was published in New Echota by Elias Boudinot, an educated Cherokee, whose wife, formerly Harriet Gold of Cornwall, Connecticut is buried in the tribal cemetery here.
In 1802, the United States agreed to extinguish the Indian title to the lands adjacent to Georgia in return for the cession of Georgia territory now comprising the states of Alabama and Mississippi. A treaty was negotiated December 29, 1835, at New Echota whereby the entire Cherokee territory was ceded
Erected 1931 by United States Government.
Location. 34° 32.449′ N, 84° 54.589′ W. Marker is in Calhoun, Georgia, in Gordon County. Marker can be reached from Georgia Route 225 half a mile east of Newtown Church Road NE, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Calhoun GA 30701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Trail of Tears (a few steps from this marker); Historic Site in Journalism (a few steps from this marker); New Echota (within shouting distance of this marker); New Echota Ferry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); New Echota Cemetery (approx. half a mile away); Sequoyah (approx. 1.7 miles away); Calhoun War Memorial (approx. 1.7 miles away); Harlan’s Cross Roads (approx. 3.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Calhoun.
More about this marker. The monument is surrounded by four flagpoles, three of which are marked to represent bands of the Cherokee nation. The monument is located just in front of
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 9, 2013, by Jamie Abel of Westerville, Ohio. This page has been viewed 463 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on June 9, 2013, by Jamie Abel of Westerville, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.