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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Wilson in Wilson County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Military Hospital

 
 
Military Hospital Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
1. Military Hospital Marker
Inscription.
Confederate. Headed
by Dr. S. S. Satchwell in
building of the Wilson
Female Seminary, which
was chartered in 1859.
Stood 1½ blocks S.E.

 
Erected 1954 by Archives Conservation and Highway Departments. (Marker Number F-32.)
 
Location. 35° 43.668′ N, 77° 54.314′ W. Marker is in Wilson, North Carolina, in Wilson County. Marker is on Herring Avenue / Goldsboro Street East near Gold Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wilson NC 27893, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. P.D. Gold (approx. 0.3 miles away); Wilson County Civil War Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); Combat Wounded Veterans (approx. 0.3 miles away); Henry G. Conner (approx. 0.3 miles away); First ABC Store (approx. 0.3 miles away); R.D.W. Connor (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hackney Wagon Company (approx. 0.4 miles away); Owen L. W. Smith (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wilson.
 
Regarding Military Hospital.  The Confederacy organized its Medical Department late in 1861 and within months, in April of 1862, the North Carolina
Military Hospital Marker along westbound Herring Avenue / Goldsboro Street East image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
2. Military Hospital Marker along westbound Herring Avenue / Goldsboro Street East
General Military Hospital No. 2 was established in Wilson in what had once been the Wilson Female Seminary. Dr. Solomon Sampson Satchwell, who had graduated from Wake Forest College and studied medicine at New York University before serving as a military surgeon with the Twenty-fifth North Carolina Infantry, was appointed Surgeon-in-Charge. In the 1864 Confederate States Medical and Surgical Journal the Wilson hospital was listed as one of twenty-one principal hospitals in North Carolina. It served those wounded in fighting along the coast.

   The hospital made Wilson known outside of the state of North Carolina. Employing thirty-five to forty people, it also boosted the local economy. Most nurses and orderlies were unskilled soldiers; however, at least seven local women were known to have worked at the hospital as matrons. Their duties included food preparation and cleaning. The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad that ran through Wilson provided the military hospital with supplies, including ice and turpentine, used to treat fevers.

   Fighting never broke out in Wilson, but, on July 20, 1863, “an immense armament of negroes and Yankees” advanced on Wilson. Reportedly, a group of invalids from the hospital and local militia defended Wilson by destroying the bridge over the Toisnot Swamp to halt the invaders. All of those who died at the hospital were
Military Hospital Marker at Gold Street and Herring Avenue / Goldsboro Street East image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
3. Military Hospital Marker at Gold Street and Herring Avenue / Goldsboro Street East


buried in a mass grave. The hospital closed at the end of the war. When Wilson created a town cemetery, they were re-interred there with a Confederate monument erected over the site. Wilson Female Seminary reopened in the former hospital and received a charter as Wilson Collegiate Institute in 1872. (North Carolina Office of Archives & History — Department of Cultural Resources)
 
Categories. Notable Buildings
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 13, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 294 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 13, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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