Near West Chester in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Martins Tavern and The Battle of Brandywine
September 11, 1777
Major General John Sullivan sent a message to George Washington, stating that reports of a British attempt to cross the Brandywine north of the Continental Army were false. Sullivan met “Major Joseph Spear of the Militia who came (last night) This morning from a Tavern called Martin’s on the forks of the Brandywine.” Spear rode from Martin’s Tavern to what is today Longwood Gardens without spotting the roughly 9,000 British who would soon pass to the south of Marshallton. This mistaken report led Washington to recall orders that may have changed the course of the battle.
Joseph Galloway’s spy map and presence at the Battle of Brandywine provided British General Sir William Howe with the information needed to defeat Washington. Galloway was a former speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly and leader of Pennsylvania’s Loyalists. His knowledge of the region around Martin’s Tavern, most importantly key fords crossing each branch of the Brandywine, gave Howe the opportunity to nearly surround the Continental Army. The Americans were not without local intelligence. Washington had at his disposal militia commander, John Hannum, and was eventually warned of Howe’s plan by Squire Thomas Cheyney, both of whom are mentioned as having spent the previous night at Martin’s Tavern. This map is the first drawing to record
Erected 2006 by Friends of Martins Tavern.
Location. 39° 56.987′ N, 75° 40.877′ W. Marker is near West Chester, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker is at the intersection of West Strasbirg Road and Northbrook Road on West Strasbirg Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: West Chester PA 19380, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Martin's Tavern or Center House (here, next to this marker); Humphrey Marshall (here, next to this marker); Tavern Fare (here, next to this marker); Court of Quarter Sessions (a few steps from this marker); Humphry Marshall (within shouting distance of this marker); The Home and Arboretum of Humphry Marshall (within shouting distance of this marker); The Marshallton Historic District (approx. 0.2 miles away); Marshalton Inn (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Chester.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Notable Events • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 21, 2013, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 523 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 21, 2013, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.