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West Chester in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Humphrey Marshall

1722-1801

 

—Eminent Botanist, Author, Stone Mason, & Scientist —

 
Humphrey Marshall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith S Smith, March 14, 2012
1. Humphrey Marshall Marker

Eminent Botanist, Author, Stone Mason, & Scientist and a Cousin to Philadelphia Botanist John Bartrum.
Inscription.
Marshalton was named in honor of Humphry Marshall, noted 18th century scientist and stone mason, whose botanical garden and home are adjacent to the Center House property. Humphrey’s name appears on many of the tavern license petitions, and he may have had a hand in the tavern’s remarkable stonework. Humphrey’s nephew Abraham Marshall III purchased the Center House from Joseph Martin in April, 1776, but did not run the tavern himself until 1786. Aside from Humphrey’s local fame as a craftsman, he became known worldwide in 1785, when he published what is believed to be the first American essay on native trees and shrubs, Arbustum Americanum the American Grove. Humphrey, like his cousin John Bartrum, spent much of his life dedicated to the study, cataloging, and collection of North American plants. Unlike his impact on this region, particularly his public service and interest in developing the Strasburg Road, Humphrey’s contributions to science have often gone overlooked. Humphry Marshall continues, as he has in the past, to be a role model of citizenship and personal character for the people of Chester County.
 
Erected 2006 by Friends of Martins Tavern.
 
Location. 39° 56.989′ N, 75° 40.88′ W. Marker is in
Humphrey Marshall Home image. Click for full size.
Wikipedia - Public Domain
2. Humphrey Marshall Home
West Chester, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker is at the intersection of Northbrook Road and West Strasburg Road on Northbrook Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: West Chester PA 19380, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Court of Quarter Sessions (here, next to this marker); Tavern Fare (here, next to this marker); Martin's Tavern or Center House (here, next to this marker); Martins Tavern and The Battle of Brandywine (here, next to this marker); The Home and Arboretum of Humphry Marshall (within shouting distance of this marker); Humphry Marshall (within shouting distance of this marker); The Marshallton Historic District (approx. 0.2 miles away); Marshalton Inn (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Chester.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .  Humphry Marshall - Wikipedia. (Submitted on July 21, 2013, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania.)
 
Additional comments.
1. Marshalls Legacy:
Humphrey Marshall has often been called the "Father of American Dendrology". Dendrology is the science and study of wooded plants, trees, and shrubs.

A genus of plants, Marshallia, was named in honor of Humphry Marshall and his nephew Moses Marshall, who was also a botanist.
    — Submitted July 21, 2013, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania.

 
Categories. Colonial EraHorticulture & ForestryNotable PersonsScience & Medicine
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 21, 2013, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 320 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 21, 2013, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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