Dover in Stewart County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Breaking Out of Fort Donelson
—Battle of Fort Donelson —
In February 1862, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant attacked Forts Henry and Donelson on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers to take control of western Tennessee and Kentucky as well as the rivers. Grant captured Fort Henry on February 6, then approached Fort Donelson with his army on February 12. Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote's gunboats shelled in on the 14th. Confederate artillery repulsed the ironclads. Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd ordered a breakout from the fort for the next morning. At first successful, the Confederates retreated, and the Federals counterattacked. On February 16, part of Floyd's command escaped in boats. The remainder yielded to Grant's demand for “unconditional surrender”.
The Confederate gunners and troops in Fort Donelson were elated after they repulsed Union Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote’s gunboat fleet on February 14, 1862. Federal reinforcements continued to arrive, however, to supplement Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s army. After a council of war, Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd ordered a dawn attack on the Union right flank to open an escape route.
Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalrymen let the way. As Confederate infantry men forced Union Gen. John A. McClernands’s division back from the Cumberland River, Forrest endeavored to turn
The Confederate attack succeeded largely because of Forrest’s use of massed cavalry in the hottest part of the battlefield. He soon changed the face of warfare in the West and transformed the traditional role of cavalry beyond scouting, screening infantry movements, and pursuing retreating forces to independent, large-scale cavalry raids.
“The enemy stood their ground until we were within 40 yards of them, when they fled in great confusion, under a most destructive fire. This was not, strictly speaking a “charge bayonets,” but it would have been one if the enemy had not fled.” — Col. Roger W. Hanson, 2nd Kentucky Infantry
Cavalry charge Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. Nathan B. Forrest Courtesy Library of Congress
Ft. Donelson and vicinity — Courtesy Library of Congress
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 28.74′ N, 87° 52.023′ W. Marker is in Dover, Tennessee, in Stewart County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Donelson Parkway (U.S. 79) and Moores Drive, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is on the grounds of the Stewart County Visitor Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 117 Visitor Center Lane, Dover TN 37058, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Holding The Line (here, next to this marker); Morrison's Attack (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Dover (a few steps from this marker); Forrest's Escape (within shouting distance of this marker); 6-pounder Gun (approx. 0.3 miles away); Porter's Battery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Federal Troops and Casualties at Fort Donelson (approx. 0.3 miles away); Confederate Troops and Casualties at Fort Donelson (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dover.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 14, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 424 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 14, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.