Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Olongapo in Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales, Philippines
 

The Hellships Memorial

 
 
The Hellships Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
1. The Hellships Memorial
Inscription. Inscription on first monolith:
This memorial honors the thousands of World War II Allied prisoners of war transported under horrific conditions by their Japanese captors on “Hellships” and scattered all across Asia to work as slave laborers in factories, shipyards, and mines to support the Japanese war effort.

Many thousands of men were carried on these ships and thousands of those perished from murder, starvation, sickness and neglect or were killed when friendly forces unknowingly attacked the unmarked ships.

These heroes came from different homelands, different backgrounds, and different circumstances, but they shared a love of freedom and a dedication to their homelands.

Truly the Hellships remain among the most senseless atrocities of World War II as so many lives were destroyed for no purpose or reason.

Inscription on second monolith:
This memorial will offer a place of quiet reflection to future generations who must discover the extraordinary sacrifice of these heroes, not only that they may draw inspiration from their example but also to reaffirm the enduring hope of a world set free from war.
The Hellships Memorial will forever speak of this hope, serving as an anchor holding fast against the slow currents of complacency and forgotten loss.

This
The Hellships Memorial - first monolith image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
2. The Hellships Memorial - first monolith
memorial was constructed and is supported by those who survived the nightmare of being a POW and family and friends of those who died.

Dedicated on January 22, 2006; Subic Bay, Republic of the Philippines

Inscription on third monolith:
As early as the spring of 1942, only a few months after the fall of Allied territories in the Far East, the Japanese began moving POWs by sea out of the conquered areas and sending them to Thailand, Taiwan, Burma, Korea, and Japan itself to be used as slave labor.

A thousand or more men were crammed into a cargo hold, often with only enough room to stand for a journey that could last weeks. The heat was stifling, the stench unbearable. Even the most basic sanitary and medical provisions were refused. Hundreds of men, already weak and suffering from disease succumbed. Hundreds more went out of their minds.

Added to these inhumane conditions was the extreme brutality of the Japanese guards. Those who survived the unimaginable nightmare of the Hellships described their time aboard as the most horrific chapter of their wartime captivity.

Inscription on fourth monolith:
In the final months of the war in the Pacific with the Allies closing in, the Japanese began to escalate movement of POWs on Hellships. While Japanese weapons transports bore Red Cross markings, ships carrying
The Hellships Memorial - third monolith image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
3. The Hellships Memorial - third monolith
prisoners of war went purposely unmarked and were unknowingly targeted by Allied aircraft and submarines. Dozens of Hellships were attacked, killing hundreds of Allied POWs.

More than half a century later, many of the men lie beneath no headstone or other marker, their bodies impossible to recover from their watery graves . This is the only Memorial they will ever have.

The Japanese committed many atrocities against POWs, but the decision to transport them on unmarked prison ships making them legitimate Allied targets is beyond comprehension.

Separate marker panel at the foot of the four monoliths:
Australian Commonwealth Military Forces
When World War broke out nearly one million Australians, from a population of only seven million, proudly stepped forward to serve. In bitter fighting in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Australia suffered some 17,500 fatalities including over 700 civilian casualties. More than 22,000 Australians were taken as prisoners-of-war, and of those some 8,000 perished under the brutal conditions imposed by the Japanese. The sinking of the Hellship Montevideo Maru alone accounted for over 1,000 military and civilian deaths. This monument recognizes Australia’s contribution and sacrifice in defense of the ideals of freedom. May future generations never forget these brave men and women who gave their lives
The Hellships Memorial - second monolith image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
4. The Hellships Memorial - second monolith
in the service of Australia.
 
Erected 2006 by Surviving POWs and the families and friends of those who died on the Hellships.
 
Location. 14° 49.005′ N, 120° 16.852′ E. Marker is in Olongapo, Zambales, in Subic Bay Freeport Zone. Marker is on Waterfront Road just west of Taft Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Olongapo, Zambales 2200, Philippines.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (within shouting distance of this marker); Inang Laya Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Old West Gate (approx. 0.3 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Hellhips. (Submitted on August 25, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. American POWs on Hellships. (Submitted on August 25, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Australian War Memorial: The Sinking of the Montevideo Maru, 1 July 1942:. (Submitted on August 26, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Additional keywords. "hell ships"; Montevideo Maru; USS Sturgeon
 
Categories. War, World IIWaterways & Vessels
 
The Hellships Memorial - 4th monolith image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
5. The Hellships Memorial - 4th monolith
Australian Commonwealth Military Forces' plaque at the foot of the memorial's monoliths image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
6. Australian Commonwealth Military Forces' plaque at the foot of the memorial's monoliths
The Hellships Memorial - some of the private markers along the monument's east perimeter wall image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
7. The Hellships Memorial - some of the private markers along the monument's east perimeter wall
The Hellships Memorial: Tribute to the lives lost aboard the <i>Montevideo Maru</i> image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2013
8. The Hellships Memorial: Tribute to the lives lost aboard the Montevideo Maru
Special tribute to the 1,053 Prisoners of War (Australian soldiers known as the “Lark Force” and militia men of the Papua-New Guinea Volunteer Rifles [“PNGVR”] and European civilians taken prisoner at Rabaul, New Britain - all of whom lost their lives when the un-marked Japanese “hell ship” Montevideo Maru was tragically torpedoed and sunk by the American submarine Sturgeon off the coast of the Philippines on 1 July 1943 while en route to Japan.
Dedicated by Mr. Rod Smith, Australian Ambassador to the Philippines at the Hellships Memorial on 1 July 2009.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 24, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 524 times since then and 69 times this year. Last updated on September 27, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 24, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on August 25, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   8. submitted on August 26, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement