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Fort Oglethorpe in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Field Artillery

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

 
 
Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 28, 2013
1. Field Artillery Marker
Inscription.
These guns are among the types used here in 1863

Artillery, together with infantry and cavalry was one of the most important branches of a Civil War army. The big guns could easily devastate assaulting infantrymen, who often advanced in mass formations, should-to-shoulder.

At Chickamauga, artillery batteries were handicapped by woods and undergrowth which limited visibility and maneuverability. The guns were most effective when used behind breastworks overlooking open fields.

In front of you are examples of six types of muzzle-loading field guns used at Chickamauga and Chattanooga. The iron and bronze tubes are authentic Civil War pieces; the carriages are reproductions. More than 200 other cannon visible on the battlefield today were placed by veterans in the 1890s. These guns mark the positions of batteries during the fighting.

(caption)
Bridges’ Independent Company of Illinois Light Artillery drills in camp at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in the spring of 1863. This Union battery later fought in the Battle of Chickamauga and Chattanooga.

An experienced six-man crew could fire a field gun up to four times a minute, following a strict procedure. Note the sequence demonstrated in the photo: the gun crew on the far left begins to load, while the crew on the far
Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 28, 2013
2. Field Artillery Marker
right stands ready to fire.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 34° 56.417′ N, 85° 15.6′ W. Marker is in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker can be reached from Lafayette Road south of McFarland Gap Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. This marker is located at the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Visitor Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3356 Lafayette Road, Fort Oglethorpe GA 30742, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Chickamauga (a few steps from this marker); Historic Plaques and Markers (a few steps from this marker); Battlefield Monuments (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Chickamauga (within shouting distance of this marker); Turchin's Brigade. (within shouting distance of this marker); 88th Indiana Infantry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Liddell's Brigade. (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
12-Pounder Napoleon image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 28, 2013
3. 12-Pounder Napoleon
The first weapon of this type was designed for Emperor Napoleon III of France, and adapted for use in the United States in 1857. These mobile guns became popular workhorses of the artillery. Especially deadly in stopping infantry assaults.
Range: 1,620 yards at 5° elevation
Gun metal: Bronze
Weight of tube: 1,225 pounds
Projectiles used: Solid shot, round shell, canister, case
12-Pounder Napoleon image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 28, 2013
4. 12-Pounder Napoleon
12-Pounder Rifled James image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 28, 2013
5. 12-Pounder Rifled James
Converted from 6-pounder smoothbore gun to a 12-pounder rifled gun near the beginning of the Civil War. (The term "pounder" refers to the weight of the projectile shot. A rifled gun is identified by the spiraling grooves in its bore.
Range: 1,700 yards at 5° elevation
Gun metal: Bronze
Weight of tube: 886 pounds
Projectiles used: Solid shot, shell, canister
12-Pounder Rifled James image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 28, 2013
6. 12-Pounder Rifled James
Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 20, 2014
7. Field Artillery Marker
View of the marker situated just to the left of the main entrance to the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Visitor Center, along with the field artillery pieces flanking either side of the entrance way.
Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 20, 2014
8. Field Artillery Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of Bridges' Independent Company of Illinois Light Artillery doing drills in camp at Murfreesboro.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 14, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 317 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 14, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   7, 8. submitted on May 7, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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