Fort Oglethorpe in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
These guns are among the types used here in 1863
Artillery, together with infantry and cavalry was one of the most important branches of a Civil War army. The big guns could easily devastate assaulting infantrymen, who often advanced in mass formations, should-to-shoulder.
At Chickamauga, artillery batteries were handicapped by woods and undergrowth which limited visibility and maneuverability. The guns were most effective when used behind breastworks overlooking open fields.
In front of you are examples of six types of muzzle-loading field guns used at Chickamauga and Chattanooga. The iron and bronze tubes are authentic Civil War pieces; the carriages are reproductions. More than 200 other cannon visible on the battlefield today were placed by veterans in the 1890s. These guns mark the positions of batteries during the fighting.
Bridges’ Independent Company of Illinois Light Artillery drills in camp at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in the spring of 1863. This Union battery later fought in the Battle of Chickamauga and Chattanooga.
An experienced six-man crew could fire a field gun up to four times a minute, following a strict procedure. Note the sequence demonstrated in the photo: the gun crew on the far left begins to load, while the crew on the far
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 34° 56.417′ N, 85° 15.6′ W. Marker is in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker can be reached from Lafayette Road south of McFarland Gap Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. This marker is located at the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Visitor Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3356 Lafayette Road, Fort Oglethorpe GA 30742, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Chickamauga (a few steps from this marker); Historic Plaques and Markers (a few steps from this marker); Battlefield Monuments (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Chickamauga (within shouting distance of this marker); Turchin's Brigade. (within shouting distance of this marker); Liddell's Division (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Brannan's Division (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 14, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 335 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 14, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. 7, 8. submitted on May 7, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.