“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Santa Elena, La Libertad, El Salvador — Central America (West Coast)

In Memory of Those Americans Who Lost Their Lives in El Salvador

In Memory of Those Americans Who Lost Their Lives in El Salvador Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 12, 2013
1. In Memory of Those Americans Who Lost Their Lives in El Salvador Marker

Seal of the United States of America and Seal of El Salvador
Michael Hammer
Mark Pearlman
SSGT Bobby J. Dickson
SSGT Thomas T. Handwork
SGT Gregory H. Weber
SGT Patrick R. Kwiatkowski
Christopher Babcock
John Sullivan
John Hoagland
Barry Castiglione
Sister Dorothy Kazel
Michael J. Kline
Jean Donovan
Sister Maura Clarke
Sister Ita Ford
Francisco Peccorini
Joseph La Palme
BIlly Murphy
Thomas Bracken
LCDR Albert Schaufelberger
Rogelio Alvarez Schneider
SSGT Gregory A. Fronius
LTC James M. Basile
LTC Joseph L. Lujan
1LT Gregory J. Paredes
CW2 John D. Ravbon
SSGT Lynn V. Keen
SP4 Douglas L. Adams
LTC David H. Pickett
CW4 Daniel S. Scott
PFC Ernest G. Dawson
CW2 Paul S. Timmer
WO1 Eric D. Funderburg
SFC Juan Guerra-Llopiz
SGT David Coleman
SPC Marvin T. Simpson
Patricia Cuellar Alvarez
Alfred G. Viney
Petter S. Hascall

Erected by US Embassy El Salvador.
Location. 13° 39.929′ N, 89° 15.44′ W. Marker is in Santa Elena, La Libertad. Touch for map. This marker is located
Wide view of Americans Who Lost Their Lives in El Salvador Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 7, 2013
2. Wide view of Americans Who Lost Their Lives in El Salvador Marker
on the grounds of the US Embassy in El Salvador, located at the corner of Calle Conchagua and Bulevar Santa Elena. The marker is directly west of the Chancery Building. Marker is in this post office area: Santa Elena, La Libertad 01101, El Salvador.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Francisco Bogen (approx. 1.2 kilometers away); Fritz Hamer (approx. 1.2 kilometers away); Quetzalcoat's Stone (approx. 1.3 kilometers away); General José María Cañas Highway (approx. 2.2 kilometers away); Plaza Brasilia (approx. 2.4 kilometers away in San Salvador); Ceiba de Guadalupe Church (approx. 2.5 kilometers away); General Manuel José Arce (approx. 2.6 kilometers away in San Salvador); Construction of the North-South Highway and the Central American University (approx. 2.7 kilometers away in San Salvador).
Regarding In Memory of Those Americans Who Lost Their Lives in El Salvador. This simple memorial leaves so much unsaid about the 1981-1992 El Salvador conflict and some of the United States citizens that died during it. On this list are 39 American citizens: soldiers, nuns, journalists, diplomats and other victims to a war scarcely remembered in the US that had a profound effect above its cold statistics.

Ambassador Aponte lays a wreath at the marker. image. Click for full size.
November 10, 2010
3. Ambassador Aponte lays a wreath at the marker.
Memorial Day, 2010 (US Embassy El Salvador website).
of these fatalities has a story behind it; although the victims are too numerous to provide the details behind every death, a selection of links to information on some of the higher profile deaths is provided below.
Also see . . .
1. Killers of 2 U.S. Agrarian Advisers Get 30-Year Jail Terms in El Salvador. A March 1, 1986 article on the conviction of the killers of Mark Pearlman and Michael Hammer: The defendants had confessed to killing Mark David Pearlman of Seattle, Michael P. Hammer of Potomac, Md., and Rodolfo Viera on Jan. 3, 1981, but said they were acting on orders from their superiors. Gunmen opened fire on the three as they sat in the coffee shop of the Sheraton Hotel here.....Pearlman and Hammer were advisers to the government on a land reform program that expropriated large holdings for distribution to the poor, and Viera headed the Agrarian Reform Institute that was overseeing the project. (Submitted on December 15, 2013.) 

2. Case History: Ford et al. v. García et al. PBS' case history of the legal proceedings that followed in the aftermath of the murder of four nuns at the hands of the El Salvadorean military: ...After the murders, several investigations were initiated, none of which were effective and several of which appear to have actually covered-up the fact that the order to kill the churchwomen came from higher levels in the Salvadoran military. The four National Guardsmen were tried and convicted of the murders but, despite voluminous evidence that those men had been following specific and direct orders to kill the American women, no further investigation was made....On May 13, 1999, the families of the four churchwomen filed a federal civil lawsuit in Florida under the Torture Victim Protection Act ("TVPA") -- a 1992 federal statute designed to give torture victims or their families who are United States citizens the chance to confront the persons who committed crimes against them as the Alien Tort Claims Act had for aliens. Importantly, this law also held liable those officials who had the authority and responsibility to ensure that such acts did not take place. Plaintiffs' theory of the case was that Generals García and Vides Casanova had "command responsibility" for the soldiers under their control, like the National Guardsmen who committed the murders and the higher ranking officers that ordered the murders. ... Ultimately the court ruled in favor of the defense. (Submitted on December 15, 2013.) 

3. H.Con.Res. 181 (106th): Expressing the sense of the Congress with respect to war crimes.... Govtrack's copy of the 1999 US House of Representative resolution expressing the sense of the US House of Representatives with regard to the downing and murder of US military personnel in El Salvador and the Salvadorean Government's response. Note that the resolution was not passed. (Submitted on December 15, 2013.) 

4. Marine Sought Out Duty In El Salvador. Chicago Tribune article (June 21, 1985) on Marine Corporal Gregory Weber, one of four US Marines killed by gunmen in June, 1985, as they sat outdoors, unarmed, at a cafe. (Submitted on December 15, 2013.) 
Categories. War, Cold
Credits. This page was last revised on September 13, 2018. This page originally submitted on December 8, 2013, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 1,362 times since then and 83 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 8, 2013, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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