Derry-Londonderry in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets.
According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port.
In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's new plantation. Their legacy is Ireland's most complete town walls with their 'roaring cannon' and the first post-Reformation cathedral in the British Isles. The accents of Planter and Gael still shape the city's culture and traditions.
The fertile banks of the Foyle have been disputed territory since prehistoric times. The city withstood two sieges, each of over a hundred days. In 1689 it was caught up in the struggle between James II and William III for the English throne. By the time the siege was reli[e]ved, the citizens were starving but their indomitable spirit remained unbroken.
In succeeding centuries the city prospered, expanding beyond the walls and across the river. Industries like shirt making and whisky distilling flourished while the port became a leading centre of international trade. From the
The city played its part in the civil rights movement of the 1960s and experienced its share of conflict and tragedy during the Troubles. By 1980 a third of the buildings within the walls had been damaged or destroyed. Yet the people's spirit was undefeated, expressed in a burst of creativity from poetry to punk.
With the return of peace, the city reinvented itself again as a regional city, University campus, a fusion of Irish and British culture and an international tourist destination.
The city is still making history today. Experience it.
Location. 54° 59.621′ N, 7° 19.49′ W. Marker is in Derry-Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in County Londonderry. Marker is on Bishop Street just north of Orchard Row, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is adjacent to the exterior of Bishop's Gate. Marker is in this post office area: Derry-Londonderry, Northern Ireland BT48 6PL, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bishop's Gate (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Bishop's Gate (here, next to this marker); Double Bastion (within shouting distance of this marker); Verbal Arts Centre (within shouting distance of this marker); George Farquhar (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Double Bastion (within shouting distance of this marker); Demi-culverin Cannon (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Walled City (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Derry-Londonderry.
Also see . . .
1. History of Derry-Londonderry, Ireland. (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Siege of Derry (1689). (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. The Troubles, 1963-1985. (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Disasters • Forts, Castles • Man-Made Features • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 361 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.