Fort Garland in Costilla County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Fort Garland / Buﬀalo Soldiers
To protect the valley's Hispanic settlers against Indian attacks, the U.S. Army established Fort Massachusetts in 1852 near Blanca Peak, which towers just north of here. But the fort was too remote to be effective, so in 1858 the Army put up a new post -- Fort Garland -- a portion of which you see immediately across the road. Built largely of adobe, the new fort stood guard over the San Luis Valley and its people until abandoned in 1883. The Colorado Historical Society invites you to visit Fort Garland, which has been preserved as a museum.
Erected 1996 by Colorado Historical Society and the DOT Colorado. (Marker Number 190.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Buffalo Soldiers, and the History Colorado marker series.
Location. 37° 25.433′ N, 105° 25.901′ W. Marker is in Fort Garland, Colorado, in Costilla County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 159, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 29477 CO-159, Fort Garland CO 81133, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Garland (within shouting distance of this marker); Costilla County Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); "The Magic Dog" (approx. 10.1 miles away); On Sacred Ground (approx. 10.1 miles away); Welcome "Caminante" to ... (approx. 10.1 miles away); ... Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic & Historic Byway (approx. 10.1 miles away); Lt. Zebulon Pike's Southwestern Expedition (approx. 10.1 miles away).
Also see . . . The Story of Fort Garland. Fort Garland was build of adobe in a plaza format as was typical of the surrounding villages. It was named for Brevet Brigadier General John Garland, then in command of the Department of New Mexico. Built on land that was part of the Sangre de Cristo Grant, leased by the United States government, the fort was established primarily to protect settlers from Indian resistance. It had accommodations (Submitted on January 6, 2014.)
Categories. • African Americans • Forts, Castles • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 12, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 553 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on January 1, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
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