San Marcos in Municipality of San Marcos, Guatemala
Justo Ruﬁno Barrios
La Resp. Log. Estrella de Occi. No. 4 a la mem. del hijo preclaro de este pueblo ref. de Guate. y mártir de la union centro-americana, General Justo Rufino Barrios
28 de Fero de 1885 - 2 de Abril 1885
The Respectable Lodge Star of the West No. 4 to the memory of a distinguished son of Guatemala and martyr of Central American union, General Justo Rufino Barrios
February 28, 1885 - April 2, 1885
Erected 1898 by San Marcos Departmental Government.
Location. 14° 57.852′ N, 91° 47.413′ W. Marker is in San Marcos, San Marcos, in Municipality of San Marcos. Touch for map. This marker and statue are on the Calzada Revolucion de ´71 as one enters San Marcos from San Pedro Sacatepequez, San Marcos. Marker is in this post office area: San Marcos 12002, Guatemala.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The 150th Anniversary of San Marcos Department (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Bishop Álvaro Leonel Ramazzini Imeri (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); General Miguel Garcia Granados (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Monument to Barrios Centenary Park San Lorenzo (approx. 9.5 kilometers away); Birthplace of General Justo Rufino Barrios (approx. 9.5 kilometers away).
1. Short history of Justo Rufino Barrios' life
Justo Rufino Barrios, born near San Marcos in San Lorenzo in 1835, participated in the 1871 revolution against conservative President Cerna. As a Liberal President, he is known as the "Reformer" for the many positive reforms he started in Guatemala. The reforms were numerous and included free primary education, the introduction of the first telegraph and railroad services, changes to the criminal code and the founding of banks. He is also remembered for settling disputes over Guatemala's border with Mexico by relinquishing Guatemalan claims over parts of southern Mexico. However, Barrios became anti-democratic and authoritarian as his rule progressed, eventually leading to his unilateral declaration of Central American union. When the other countries, particularly El Salvador, refused to join a union with Barrios as head, he chose to attempt to force the issue militarily. Unfortunately he also chose to lead the invasion personally and died during the Battle of Chalchuapa on April 2, 1885. He is remembered
— Submitted January 12, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
Categories. • Military •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 2, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 11, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 420 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 11, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 2. submitted on January 12, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 3, 4. submitted on January 11, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 5. submitted on January 12, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 6. submitted on January 11, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.