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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Civil War Defenses

December 1862

 
 
Civil War Defenses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., April 11, 2008
1. Civil War Defenses Marker
Inscription. In December of 1862, with a Federal attack imminent, General Robert E. Lee deployed his Confederate Army of Northern Virginia along a series of hills around the town of Fredericksburg. Brigadier General Cadmus M. Wilcox and his Alabama brigade took position around the house known as Fall Hill. Union artillery bombarded the town on December 11th and the soldiers watched residents flee west along this roadway.

The Confederate defenses consisted of infantry trenches on the lower slopes and gun pits for supporting artillery near the top of the hills. These nearby earthworks represent the far left of the Confederate line at Fredericksburg. During the ensuing battle, the troops in this area were subjected to occasional artillery fire from across the river. As Wilcox described the experience: “Many shot and shell were thrown in the woods occupied by my men.”
 
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 38° 18.984′ N, 77° 29.165′ W. Marker was in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker could be reached from Fall Hill Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at the northern entry point of the Old Canal Pathway. Marker was in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within
Civil War Defenses Marker </b>is on the left image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., April 11, 2008
2. Civil War Defenses Marker is on the left
The foot bridge on the right crosses the old canal to a convenient parking area. Fall Hill Avenue traffic can be seen crossing in the background.
walking distance of this location. Confederate Defenses in December 1862 (here, next to this marker); Confederate and Federal Defenses in May 1863 (a few steps from this marker); A Once Promising Canal Becomes a Raceway (within shouting distance of this marker); Rappahannock River Heritage Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Industrial Interlude (approx. 0.3 miles away); Embrey Dam (approx. 0.4 miles away); Falls of the Rappahannock River (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Rappahannock River Runs Free Once More (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
More about this marker. In the lower center of the marker is an overhead picture of the Fall Hill area. “Many of the trenches and gun pits dug by Confederate defenders are still visible.”

In the lower left of the marker is an overhead map of the Hill area. “In this 1880s map, Wilcox’s brigade is shown at the far left of the Confederate line. His after action report, however, makes it clear that his Alabamians occupied a position that extended from the river, across the road to the heights in front of you. The house labeled “Dr. Taylor” is Fall Hill.”

In the upper right of the marker is a portrait of Brigadier Wilcox. “Cadmus M. Wilcox was a North Carolinian who graduated
Civil War Defenses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., April 11, 2008
3. Civil War Defenses Marker
Overhead picture of the Fall Hill area.
with the West Point Class of 1846. He fought in Mexico and in the Seminole Wars. During the Civil War, he served with the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia until its surrender at Appomattox.

This marker was replaced by a new one named Confederate Defenses in December 1862 (see nearby markers).
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Civil War Defenses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., April 11, 2008
4. Civil War Defenses Marker
The 1880s map of the area.
Civil War Defenses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W.
5. Civil War Defenses Marker
Portrait of Brigadier Wilcox from the marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 15, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,312 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 15, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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