Near Boise in Ada County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
The Shoshone and Northern Paiute
Echoes of an Ancient Homeland
The river valley below was an oasis, trading hub and crossroads for native peoples. Regional bands gathered here to fish, hunt, and trade. Explorers, fur trappers, and emigrants encountered Indian camps along the Boise River.
The Indians often exchanged food and services with the early Euro-American travelers. Yet by the 1850s, Oregon Trail wagon trains and accompanying livestock overgrazed the grasses and depleted resources. Tensions and hostilities increased greatly after 1856, when Hudsonís Bay Company abandoned their southern Idaho fur trade posts.
In 1864 and 1866, the Idaho Territorial Governor negotiated two treaties with local bands of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Paiute. Neither treaty, however, was ratified by the United States Government. The Indians were retained in temporary camps until forced onto the Fort Hall Indian Reservation in 1869, Duck Valley Indian Reservation in 1877, and other reservations in
”We traveled about eighteen miles, which brought us Bois river, a stream of forty or fifty yards in width, and abounding with salmon. We traveled about eleven miles. The road is sometimes on bottom, at others on bluff. The Indians are very numerous along this stream; they have a large number of horses; clothing is in much demand; for articles of clothing costing in the States ten or twelve dollars, a very good horse can be obtained.”
–- Joel Palmer, Oregon Trail Emigrant, 1845
Location. 43° 29.514′ N, 116° 2.441′ W. Marker is near Boise, Idaho, in Ada County. Marker can be reached from S. Upper Blacks Creek Road 1.3 miles north of E. Blacks Creek Road. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Bonneville Point interpretive site along the route of the Oregon Trail at the end of S. Upper Blacks Creek Road. Marker is in this post office area: Boise ID 83716, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Hunt Expedition (here, next to this marker); The Fur Trade and the Tide of Emigration (here, next to this marker); Captain Bonneville (a few steps from this marker); Bonneville Point (a few steps from this marker); Basque Country (approx. 3.4 miles away); Oregon Trail (approx. 3Ĺ miles away); Diversion Dam (approx. 4.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Oregon Trail (approx. 5 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Boise.
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 17, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 444 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 17, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
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