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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Boise in Ada County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
 

The Shoshone and Northern Paiute

Echoes of an Ancient Homeland

 
 
The Shoshone and Northern Paiute Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, September 14, 2010
1. The Shoshone and Northern Paiute Marker
Inscription. The landscape before you is part of the homeland of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Northern Paiute Indians. They occupied these lands for countless generations before the arrival of Euro-Americans. Living in small bands of several families, their lives followed seasonal rhythms as they migrated in search of edible plants, deer and bison, and the plentiful salmon that spawned in the Boise River.

The river valley below was an oasis, trading hub and crossroads for native peoples. Regional bands gathered here to fish, hunt, and trade. Explorers, fur trappers, and emigrants encountered Indian camps along the Boise River.

The Indians often exchanged food and services with the early Euro-American travelers. Yet by the 1850s, Oregon Trail wagon trains and accompanying livestock overgrazed the grasses and depleted resources. Tensions and hostilities increased greatly after 1856, when Hudsonís Bay Company abandoned their southern Idaho fur trade posts.

In 1864 and 1866, the Idaho Territorial Governor negotiated two treaties with local bands of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Paiute. Neither treaty, however, was ratified by the United States Government. The Indians were retained in temporary camps until forced onto the Fort Hall Indian Reservation in 1869, Duck Valley Indian Reservation in 1877, and other reservations in
View to Northwest from Bonneville Point Interpretive Site image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, September 14, 2010
2. View to Northwest from Bonneville Point Interpretive Site
The route of the Oregon Trail is in the foreground, and the city of Boise and the Boise River Valley are in the background
Oregon and Nevada. Today, these Indians are self-governing nations. They are working to protect the natural resources that continue to inspire and sustain their lives and culture.


”We traveled about eighteen miles, which brought us Bois river, a stream of forty or fifty yards in width, and abounding with salmon. We traveled about eleven miles. The road is sometimes on bottom, at others on bluff. The Indians are very numerous along this stream; they have a large number of horses; clothing is in much demand; for articles of clothing costing in the States ten or twelve dollars, a very good horse can be obtained.”
–- Joel Palmer, Oregon Trail Emigrant, 1845

 
Location. 43° 29.514′ N, 116° 2.441′ W. Marker is near Boise, Idaho, in Ada County. Marker can be reached from S. Upper Blacks Creek Road 1.3 miles north of E. Blacks Creek Road. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Bonneville Point interpretive site along the route of the Oregon Trail at the end of S. Upper Blacks Creek Road. Marker is in this post office area: Boise ID 83716, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Hunt Expedition (here, next to this marker); The Fur Trade and the Tide of Emigration (here, next to this marker); Captain Bonneville (a few steps from this marker); Bonneville Point (a few steps from this marker); Basque Country (approx. 3.4 miles away); Oregon Trail (approx. 3Ĺ miles away); Diversion Dam (approx. 4.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Oregon Trail (approx. 5 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Boise.
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 17, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 423 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 17, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of wide-view of marker and surroundings. • Can you help?
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