Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Balcones Fault Aids Colonization of Texas
Spanish explorer Bernardo de Miranda in 1756 named the formation “Los Balcones”, meaning “Balconies”. Part of El Camino Real, the “King’s Highway”, skirted the fault line. Spanish missions and presidios were located at springs near San Antonio, Austin, and elsewhere, but many Spanish settlements disappeared before 1800.
Anglo-Americans led by Stephen F. Austin began to settle near the Balcones escarpment before 1830. Through their courage and determination, early pioneer settlements grew into the towns and cities that today dot the fault line. The town of Austin, with its combination of beauty and natural resources, was chosen capital of the independent Republic of Texas, which became the 28th state of the United States.
Erected 1976 by the Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12689.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail marker series.
Location. 30° 23.064′ N, 97° 46.096′ W. Marker is in Austin, Texas, in Travis County. Marker is on North Capital of Texas Highway (State Highway 360), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located just west of Spicewood Springs Road. Marker is in this post office area: Austin TX 78731, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Native Americans at Bull Creek (approx. 0.8 miles away); Walden Mill at Bull Creek (approx. 0.8 miles away); Old Quarry Site (approx. 2.9 miles away); Davis Cemetery (approx. 3.2 miles away); Jolly Cemetery (approx. 3.4 miles away); The Old Zimmerman Home (approx. 3.6 miles away); St. Stephen’s Missionary Baptist Church (approx. 3.9 miles away); First Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Austin (approx. 4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Austin.
Also see . . .
1. The University of Texas Libraries - The Balcones Escarpment. (Submitted on December 23, 2009, by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas.)
2. Handbook of Texas On-Line. A short article on Bernardo De Miranda. (Submitted on December 29, 2009.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 31, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 23, 2009, by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. This page has been viewed 2,155 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on February 22, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. Photos: 1. submitted on December 23, 2009, by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. 2. submitted on July 27, 2011, by Arguendo & Dixi of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.