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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredericksburg in Gillespie County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Cross Mountain

 
 
Cross Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, February 16, 2014
1. Cross Mountain Marker
Inscription. This marl and limestone hill, elevation 1,915 feet, was an Indian signal point, advancing news of the intrusions of white settlers. The hill was first recorded and described by the German geologist, Dr. Ferdinand Roemer in 1847. A timber cross found on the hilltop the same year suggests that Spanish missionaries recognized it as a landmark on the path from San Antonio to Mission San Saba. John Christian Durst (1825-1898), arriving with his family in 1847 from Germany, received a town lot and 10 acres of land, including this hill. On finding the cross, he named it "Kreuzberg," or Cross Mountain. The Easter fires on Cross Mountain and the surrounding hills recall a German tradition of burning the old growth to make way for the new, and also commemorate the 1847 treaty made by John O. Meusebach and the settlers to establish peace with the Comanche nation.

In 1849, a Bohemian priest, Father George Menzel, erected a more substantial cross as a symbol of redemption and civilization. Easter Sunrise Services were held on the mountain for many years prior to 1941. In 1946 the Very Rev. F. X. Wolf threw the switch to illuminate the permanent cross of metal and concrete built by St. Mary's Catholic Church.
 
Erected 1976 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10025.)
 
Location.
Cross Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, February 16, 2014
2. Cross Mountain Marker
Marker, with Cross Mountain in background
30° 17.651′ N, 98° 52.066′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Texas, in Gillespie County. Marker is on Cross Mountain Trail Road 0.1 miles west of North Milam Street (Farm to Market Road 965), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg TX 78624, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bethany Lutheran Church (approx. 1.2 miles away); A Lasting Friendship (approx. 1.2 miles away); Frank Valentin Van Der Stucken (approx. 1.2 miles away); Lasting Friendship (approx. 1.3 miles away); Jacob Brodbeck (approx. 1.3 miles away); Gillespie County Country Schools 1846 to 1970's (approx. 1.3 miles away); Market Square (Marktplatz) (approx. 1.3 miles away); Vereins Kirche (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.Hispanic AmericansNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
Panorama from top of Cross Mountain image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
3. Panorama from top of Cross Mountain
View of top of Cross Mountain image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
4. View of top of Cross Mountain
Christian Durst Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, February 16, 2014
5. Christian Durst Marker
Marker on top of Cross Mountain dedicated to Christian Durst, referenced on marker text.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 22, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 305 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 22, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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