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Manalapan in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

General von Steuben

 

—September 17, 1730 – November 28, 1794 —

 
General von Steuben Marker image. Click for full size.
By R. C., January 12, 2008
1. General von Steuben Marker
Inscription. Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Baron von Steuben was born September 17, 1730 in Magdeburg, Prussia (Germany) to a military family. Reared in the rigorous military school of Frederick the Great, von Steuben served with distinction in the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) and as an Aide-de-Camp to the Prussian King.

In the fledgling US, after the Declaration of Independence, the Continental Congress sought foreign assistance in the struggle against the British. In 1777, Benjamin Franklin met von Steuben, who then came to America that December, offering his service without rank or pay, to aid the Revolution. In January 1778, the Continental Congress accepted von Steuben’s service as a volunteer in the Continental Army and ordered him to report to General Washington’s quarters at Valley Forge as soon as possible.

Even in the face of desperate conditions, including frost, disease, inadequate shelter and lack of supplies, von Steuben gave military training and discipline to the citizen soldiers fighting for American independence. In May 1778, Congress approved General Washington’s recommendation to appoint von Steuben as Inspector General of the Continental Army.

On June 28, 1778, at the Battle of Monmouth, the benefits of von Steuben’s training were evidenced by the American troops opposing the British
General von Steuben Statue image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 21, 2008
2. General von Steuben Statue
Gen. von Steuben is credited with preparing the Continental army to face and defeat the British army at the Battle of Monmouth.
Army. The heroic American performance, a turn in the tide of the war, is attributed in large part to the work of von Steuben. Colonel Alexander Hamilton, an eyewitness, declared that von Steuben’s system of drilling, reviews and inspection imbued the officers and soldiers with the confidence that, from now on, they were on equal ground with the armies of the enemy.

Von Steuben was instrumental in further American victories, including the defeat of the British at Yorktown in 1781, where the Baron received the overture of capitulation from the British General Cornwallis. During 1778-1779, von Steuben prepared a complete set of regulations for Continental troops, the “Blue Book”, which became the United States Army training manual. In 1783, von Steuben became an American citizen. In 1784, von Steuben was discharged from the military with honor and turned his energies to preparing for the defense of New York harbor and designing the plans for a military academy that were later realized at West Point. In 1786, the State of New York, wishing to express its gratitude for his service, granted him 16,000 acres north of the Mohawk River. Von Steuben died on November 28, 1794, and was laid to rest in a hero’s grave in Remsen, New York, where we read the following inscription:

“Indispensable to the Achievement of American Independence”

Erected
Closeup of Gen. von Steuben Statue image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 21, 2008
3. Closeup of Gen. von Steuben Statue
2004 by the Steuben Society of America and the Friends of Monmouth Battlefield in grateful recognition of his valiant service to America in her struggle for liberty.
 
Erected 2004 by Steuben Society of America and the Friends of Monmouth Battlefield.
 
Location. 40° 15.793′ N, 74° 19.179′ W. Marker is in Manalapan, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Touch for map. Marker is in Monmouth Battlefield State Park, near the Visitor Center. Marker is in this post office area: Englishtown NJ 07726, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. D’Annae: A French, Swedish-Style 4-pounder (within shouting distance of this marker); Monmouth Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker); Molly Pitcher (within shouting distance of this marker); Monmouth Battlefield State Park (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Combs Hill Cannonade (about 400 feet away); Mary Hays, nicknamed “Molly Pitcher" (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battle at the Parsonage (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hold the Hedgerow! (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manalapan.
 
Also see . . .
1. Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Bergen County Historical Society. (Submitted on April 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Another view of von Steuben Statue image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 21, 2008
4. Another view of von Steuben Statue
The statue of General von Steuben is located near the Visitor Center in Monmouth Battlefield State Park.
 

2. The Battle of Monmouth. (Submitted on April 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Categories. Notable PersonsWar, US Revolutionary
 
General von Steuben Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2013
5. General von Steuben Marker
British Troops march past the Gen. von Steuben statue on their way to fight the Battle of Monmouth during the reenactment on the 235th anniversary of the battle.
Main Marker (front of statue) image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 21, 2008
6. Main Marker (front of statue)
Credit plaque for the statue (rear of statue) image. Click for full size.
By R. C., January 12, 2008
7. Credit plaque for the statue (rear of statue)
Left profile of General von Steuben statue image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
8. Left profile of General von Steuben statue
Rear view of General von Steuben statue image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
9. Rear view of General von Steuben statue
Note the design of the coattails on the statue.
General von Steuben Statue (Spur/Rowel detail) image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
10. General von Steuben Statue (Spur/Rowel detail)
The statue, created by a 20th Century sculptor, has von Steuben wearing "western" style spurs. While this was possible, a "proper gentleman" of the time could have worn an english-style "rowel" which was just a little nub of metal in place of the rotating discs on these spurs.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,520 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on April 22, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey.   2, 3, 4. submitted on April 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5. submitted on June 15, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   6. submitted on April 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   7. submitted on April 22, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey.   8, 9, 10. submitted on January 5, 2009, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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