Colorado City in Mitchell County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Thousands of buffalo running single file pounded trails like this deep into the ground. When any one route became too deep, they started another, over the years making many side by side. Trails to grazing areas radiated from watering holes. Migratory trails stretched from the Rio Grande to Canada, usually following high, level ground in order to avoid winter snowdrifts and summer muck.
Brothers J. Wright and John Mooar, Mitchell County businessmen and famous buffalo hunters, helped to kill thousands (including a white buffalo), 1870 to 1877. Chief product was the hide, but tongues, humps, and hams were also sold. Buffalo were so plentiful that in 1872 Mooar saw a northward migration of millions taking over 6 weeks to cross the Arkansas River.
In their time, buffalo trails aided the Indians, who followed them to the animals' feeding grounds. Later, explorers blazed new roads along them, and railroad engineers more than once used their exact routes. In this way, the buffalo trail was a key to the opening of transportation and settlement across the U.S.
(incise on base)
Early travel, transportation and communication series
Erected 1967 by State Historical Survey Committee and The Moody Foundation. (Marker Number 564.)
Location. 32° 23.392′ N, 100° 51.816′ W. Marker is in Colorado City, Texas, in Mitchell County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Locust Street and East 3rd Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located behind the Heart of West Texas Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Colorado City TX 79512, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ruddick Park (approx. ¾ mile away); Comanche Village Massacre (approx. 0.8 miles away); Seven Wells (approx. 4.4 miles away); Campsite of the Marcy Expedition (approx. 15.2 miles away); Ira (approx. 15½ miles away); J. J. Moore No. 1 Oil Well (approx. 15½ miles away).
Categories. • Animals • Exploration • Native Americans • Roads & Vehicles •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 30, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 407 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 30, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.