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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mount Jackson in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Mount Jackson General Hospital, CSA

Shenandoah at War

 

—Valley Campaigns —

 
Mount Jackson General Hospital CSA Marker image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, June 4, 2010
1. Mount Jackson General Hospital CSA Marker
Inscription. In September 1861, the Confederate Medical Department built a large general hospital on this site because Mt. Jackson was the western terminus of the Manassas Gap Railroad which provided access to northern Virginia battlefields. Dr. Andrew Russell Meem, a Shenandoah County resident who was a graduate of Princeton University and the University of Pennsylvania Medical College, was Surgeon-in-Charge. He resided at Harrison House, the home of local businessman Col. Levi Rinker, who owned the hospital site and a plot across the Valley Turnpike, "Our Soldiers' Cemetery," to bury those who died here.

The hospital consisted of three two-story buildings, each "a hundred and fifty feet in length, perfectly ventilated, and yet warm," and several small support structures. Accommodating 500 sick and wounded Confederates at a time, it remained in continuous service until the end of hostilities, except for six months in 1862. Meem, two assistant surgeons (contract physicians), five stewards, ten nurses, eight cooks, and five laundresses comprised the staff. The buildings were dismantled aft the war for the use of U.S. Army forces stationed at Rude's Hill during Reconstruction.

In February 1865, after falling ill, Meem was admitted to Harrisonburg General Hospital where he died at age 41. His wife, Ann Jordan Meem, had assisted
Mount Jackson Hospital Markers image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, June 4, 2010
2. Mount Jackson Hospital Markers
Marker described here is in foreground.
him at the the Mt. Jackson hospital and in October 1861 organized the Ladies' Soldiers and Aid Organization to provide clothing, food and supplies. The Association held one of the earliest Confederate Memorial Day services at "Our Soldiers' Cemetery" on May 15, 1866.
 
Erected 2010 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 38° 45.291′ N, 78° 38.025′ W. Marker was in Mount Jackson, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker was at the intersection of Main Street (U.S. 11) and Nelson Street, on the right when traveling north on Main Street. Touch for map. In front of Holtzman Oil Corporation next to a state historical marker called The Confederate Hospital. Marker was in this post office area: Mount Jackson VA 22842, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. Mt. Jackson General Hospital, CSA (here, next to this marker); The Confederate Hospital (a few steps from this marker); Our Soldiers’ Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); To All Confederates (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Confederate Hospital
Detail: 1864 Illustration and Order Appointing Dr. Meem image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, June 4, 2010
3. Detail: 1864 Illustration and Order Appointing Dr. Meem
Drawing is by James E. Taylor for Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, shows cavalry battle of October 7, 1864 with hospital in background
(within shouting distance of this marker); Union Church - Circa 1825 (approx. 0.8 miles away); McNeill’s Last Charge (approx. 1.9 miles away); Meem's Bottom Covered Bridge (approx. 2.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mount Jackson.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photo of a Confederate surgeon's kit used in the Shenandoah Valley. On the upper right is an illustration of Mt. Jackson General Hospital, Oct. 7, 1864, by James E. Taylor, artist for Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Further to the right is a facsimile of an Order appointing Dr. Andrew H. Meem Surgeon-in-Charge, Mt. Jackson General Hospital.

This marker was replaced by a new one also named Mt. Jackson General Hospital, CSA (see nearby markers).
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Additional comments.
1. Photo on lower left of marker shows a surgeon's kit.
    — Submitted July 3, 2010, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 3, 2010, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,172 times since then and 50 times this year. Last updated on May 17, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 3, 2010, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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