West Chester in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
• After marching 17 miles in 9 hours from Kennett Square, Gen. Howe’s army took a break for tea, to rest and refresh in the vicinity of Osbourne Hill. This allowed Gen. Washington to reposition many of his troops from the eastern side of the Brandywine Creek to form a defensive line near the Birmingham Meeting.
★ You are positioned in the vicinity of Stephen’s regiment. Imagine columns of redcoats, across a half mile, descending the south side of Osbourne Hill in the distance; battalion flags flying; drums beating.
5pm, Sandy Hollow: The Second American Defense
• The first line of Colonial defense broke in confusion under heavy fire. The most significant fighting took place along Birmingham and Wylie Roads in the vicinity of the Birmingham Meeting and what is now Sandy Hollow Heritage Park.
• The Continental Army fought valiantly, reforming on high ground in a wavering but often amazingly courageous defense. It was “disputed muzzle to muzzle”. The line gave way five times, reforming and pushed farther back.
• The high ground of Sandy Hollow Heritage Park marks the “sunset
• Both sides were exhausted by long marches and a nearly two-hour battle. The Continental left flank finally gave way and Greene’s men held the Sandy Hollow area, while a fighting retreat began toward Dilworthtown.
• There were substantial casualties. Many of the dead on both sides were buried near where they fell and in the Birmingham burying grounds.
While the battle was a significant loss for Gen. Washington’s army, it was a turning point in the war because of the strong resolve it fostered among the Continentals to carry on the fight for freedom .
Location. 39° 54.208′ N, 75° 34.744′ W. Marker is in West Chester, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker can be reached from S. New Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located in Sandy Hollow Heritage Park. Marker is in this post office area: West Chester PA 19382, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Brandywine Battlefield A Commonwealth Treasure (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Darlington Birthplace (approx. Dilworthtown (approx. 0.7 miles away); Birmingham Hill (approx. ¾ mile away); In Memory of Those Who Fell (approx. 0.8 miles away); First Defense Line (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Peace Garden at Birmingham (approx. 0.8 miles away); On This Native Stone (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Chester.
More about this marker. A map on the left side of the marker shows the Fields of Fire during Order of Battle at Birmingham Hill 17:00, September 11, 1777.
Also see . . .
1. History of the Battle of the Brandywine. Brandywine Battlefield website. (Submitted on May 17, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. The Battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777 at Brandywine, Pennsylvania. The American Revolutionary War website. (Submitted on May 17, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
3. The Battle of Brandywine Creek 1777. A British perspective of the battle from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on May 17, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 17, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 491 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 17, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.