Chester in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Ware Bottom Church
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign
On the morning of May 17, the divisions of Ransom, Hoke, Colquitt, and Hill closed on the Army of the James and established a battle line across the Bermuda Hundred peninsula that paralleled the Federal earthworks.
At the same time, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Potomac and Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia were reeling from the horrific casualties suffered at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. Both needed replacements, and the opposing forces at Bermuda Hundred were the logical source.
On May 18, Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard was ordered to send Lee the brigades of Terry, Fry, Lewis, and Corse. On May 19, Beauregard also released Gracie's brigade and ordered Brig. Gen. William S. Walkers brigade from Petersburg to take Gracie's place in line. Recognizing that his line was thinning, Beauregard planned an attack with the objective of gaining the needed ground to secure his left flank on the James River and his right flank on the Appomattox River.
On May 20 the Confederates attacked behind
The 18th Corps was able to initially hold its ground but eventually withdrew when Confederate reinforcements forced back the extreme left of their line. By the end of the day the Federals had withdrawn to a new position.
After several days of skirmishing the Confederates began to dig the heavy earthworks you see in this park today. Known as the Howlett Line, these fortifications stretched from the James River to the Appomattox River, and effectively prevented the Army of the James from making any more threats toward Richmond by southern approach.
Confederate attacks along the Federal picket line May 18-20, 1864
This sign was sponsored by Chester Station Camp 1503. Sons of Confederate Veterans
Erected 2014 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans marker series.
Location. 37° Touch for map. Located in Ware Bottom Church Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1600 Old Bermuda Hundred Rd, Chester VA 23831, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Bomb Proof Church ? (within shouting distance of this marker); Construction of the Howlett Line (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Howlett Line Gun Position (approx. 0.2 miles away); Parker's Battery (approx. half a mile away); Remembrance (approx. half a mile away); Howlett Line (approx. half a mile away); Boy Company (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named Parkerís Battery (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chester.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 724 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 2. submitted on August 26, 2015, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.