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Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

 
 
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 24, 2014
1. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins Marker
Inscription.  On May 4, 1864, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler began to load 38,000 men of the Army of the James on transport ships at Newport News and Yorktown, Virginia. Their goal was a neck of land in Chesterfield County known as Bermuda Hundred. Butler was to land there, secure a base of operations and sever the rail link between Richmond and Petersburg. If practicable, he would advance on either Richmond or Petersburg. At the same time Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant would move the Army of the Potomac across the Rapidan River and attempt to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.

On May 5th, Butler’s troops seized Bermuda Hundred and City Point. After establishing a beachhead, Butler’s troops advanced to this point and began to dig a line of defensive earthworks on May 6th. The 18th Corps established a line of works here with its left anchored on the Appomattox River and its right in the vicinity of Ware Bottom Church approximately two miles north of where you are standing. Remnants of these earthworks can be seen just inside the woodline in front of you. The 10th Corps then picked up the line at Ware Bottom Church and extended it north
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 24, 2014
2. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins Marker
another mile to the James River.

Butler had successfully landed his men to the complete surprise of the Confederates and had established a defensive front. Meanwhile, Confederate commanders were trying to gather their scattered forces to counter this new threat. For a brief period of time the doors to Richmond and Petersburg were wide open.

(captions)
Army of the James landing at Bermuda Hundred May 6, 1864
Harpers Weekly engraving of the Army of the James landing at City Point (Williams Collection)
This sign was sponsored by Dr. Charles T. Smallwood Jr., South Easton, MA


 
Erected 2014 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
 
Location. 37° 19.309′ N, 77° 21.332′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) west of Bermuda Orchard Lane, on the left when traveling west. Located in Point of Rocks Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 201 Enon Church Road, Chester VA 23836, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders (here, next to this marker); Confederate Leaders (here, next to this marker); Welcome to R. Garland Dodd Park at Point of Rocks
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(a few steps from this marker); Point of Rocks (a few steps from this marker); Actions in the East 1861-1863 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Federal War Plans for 1864 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Opening Actions of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign (approx. 0.2 miles away); Grant's Virginia Campaigns (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 376 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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