Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

 
 
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 24, 2014
1. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders Marker
Inscription. In April of 1864, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant met with Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler and approved his plan for attacking Richmond by moving an army up the James River. Grant decided that while the Army of the Potomac moved against Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia, Butler would land his Army of the James in Bermuda Hundred and move against Richmond. Knowing Butler lacked significant combat experience, Grant brought two West Point trained combat officers, William F. “Baldy” Smith and Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore to serve as Butlerís Corps Commanders. This arrangement led to one of the most contentious commands of the war. From the opening days of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign, Butler and his subordinates quarreled openly to the detriment of the operation and the good order and discipline of the army they commanded.

Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler
Butler was a lawyer and Massachusetts Congressman prior to the war. In May of 1862 he commanded the troops that entered New Orleans after that city surrendered to the Federal navy. While success on the battlefield eluded him, he was widely regarded as a brilliant administrator. By 1864 he had become a strong supporter of the use of African-American soldiers to put down the rebellion and had more regiments of United States Colored Troops under his command
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 24, 2014
2. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders Marker
than any other general.

Gen. William F. Smith
William F. “Baldy” Smith graduated near the top of his class at West Point in 1845. He was one of several generals who had fallen out of favor in Washington after the Battle of Fredericksburg in 1862. In 1863 he was assigned to duty as chief engineer in the Army of The Cumberland where his skills impressed Grant. Smith came east with Grant in 1864 with the thought that he was going to command the Army of the James. Smith's subordination to Butler when he expected higher command created problems between them.

Maj Gen. Quincy Gillmore
Maj. General Quincy Gillmore graduated from West Point in 1849 at the head of his class. He had spent most of 1863 in South Carolina laying siege to Charleston. When he was assigned to Butler he moved his 10th Corps very slowly to Virginia. This perceived “foot dragging” did not win him any favors with Butler. They began to feud almost immediately.

(caption)
Ulysses S. Grant Commander of all Federal Forces (Library of Congress)
This sign was sponsored by Sandra Brown, Peabody, MA
 
Erected 2014 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
 
Location. 37° 19.31′ N, 77° 21.33′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) west of Bermuda Orchard Lane, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in Point of Rocks Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 201 Enon Church Road, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins (here, next to this marker); Confederate Leaders (here, next to this marker); Welcome to R. Garland Dodd Park at Point of Rocks (a few steps from this marker); Point of Rocks (a few steps from this marker); Actions in the East 1861-1863 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Federal War Plans for 1864 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Opening Actions of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign (approx. 0.2 miles away); Grant's Virginia Campaigns (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 289 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
Paid Advertisement