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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Locust Grove in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Grant Comes to Virginia

The Battle of Fredericksburg

 
 
Grant Comes to Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 16, 2008
1. Grant Comes to Virginia Marker
While the marker topic is the Battle of the Wilderness, the sub-header of the marker is the "Battle of Fredericksburg."
Inscription. This short trail leads to "Grant's Knoll." For three days Gen. Ulysses S. Grant made his headquarters here, issuing orders that would determine the fate of armies and men. President Abraham Lincoln had recently appointed Grant general-in-chief over Union armies throughout the country. Rather than remain in Washington, Grant chose to travel with Gen. George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac, which was battling Lee's Confederates here in Virginia. Grant hoped to infuse the Union army with his own relentless drive and determination. He succeeded.

Grant's strategy was simple: hammer at the South day in and day out until it buckled under the weight of superior Union manpower and resources. The results were bloody but effective. In less than a year, the Confederate army in Virginia was battered into submission.

"We must make up our minds to get into line of battle and stay there; for that man [Grant] will fight us every day and every hour till the end of this war."
-Confederate General James Longstreet
 
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Natioanl Military Park - National Park Service.
 
Location. 38° 19.339′ N, 77° 44.032′ W. Marker is near Locust Grove, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker
Stop One of the Battle of Wilderness Driving Tour image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 16, 2008
2. Stop One of the Battle of Wilderness Driving Tour
is on Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located at stop one (Grant's Headquarters) of the driving tour of Wilderness Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Locust Grove VA 22508, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Grant’s Headquarters (within shouting distance of this marker); An Uneasy Partnership (within shouting distance of this marker); The Campaign of 1781 (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Archeology at Ellwood (approx. ¼ mile away); Ellwood (approx. ¼ mile away); Union Headquarters (approx. ¼ mile away); A Military Scene (approx. ¼ mile away); “Stonewall” Jackson’s Arm (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Locust Grove.
 
More about this marker. The background of the marker is an aerial photograph of the battlefield as it appears today. Indicated on the photograph are:
- Grant's Headquarters (You are Here) Grant's Knoll sits beside the historic Orange Turnpike, about 1.3 miles from Saunders Field, where the Battle of the Wilderness began on May 5.
- The 1864 Intersection of Orange Turnpike and Germanna Plank Road
- Lacy House "Ellwood"
- Saunders Field
The Confederate and Union battle lines are indicated around Saunders Field.
 
Related markers.
The Trail to Grant's Knoll image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 16, 2008
3. The Trail to Grant's Knoll
The other two interpretive markers at this site are seen through the trees.
Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Wilderness Battlefield - Federal Rear virtual tour by markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wilderness Battlefield. National Park Service site. (Submitted on April 27, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Grant's Knoll. The park's easement around Grant's headquarters was recently expanded by donations and efforts of the Central Virginia Battlefield Trust. In addition to it's Civil War importance, the knoll was also used by the Marquis de Lafayette's 1781 Campaign during the Revolutionary War. (Submitted on April 27, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Incorrect Battle
The marker cites the "Battle of Fredericksburg" in the sub-title. This is incorrect and should read "Battle of the Wilderness." The error has been confirmed in correspondence with the National Park Service.
    — Submitted March 17, 2013, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 27, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,211 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on April 27, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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