Auburn in Lee County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
The Cullars Rotation / The Alvis Field and Cotton Rust
The Cullars Rotation
The Cullars Rotation is the oldest, continuous soil fertility study in the South and the second oldest cotton study in the world. It was started in 1911 by the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station on the farm of J.A. Cullars and John P. Alvis. In 1938, the "Alvis Field" was sold to Alabama Polytechnic Institute which became Auburn University in 1960. The experiment consists of 14 soil fertility variables in three blocks that are rotated with cotton followed by a winter legume, corn followed by wheat, and soybeans planter after wheat.
The Alvis Field and Cotton Rust
In the late 1800s, J.P. Alvis and J.A. Cullars farmed this property which later became known as the "Alvis Field." They allowed Prof. F. F. Atkinson, a biologist at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama, to use this site to study cotton rust, a disease that causes cotton plants to shed leaves early. Atkinson's research in 1890 led to the discovery that cotton rust was caused by a potassium deficiency. As a result, the Cullars Rotation was started in 1911. Today, potassium fertilizers are used on cotton throughout the South.
Erected 2006 by he Historic Chattahoochee Commission and the Auburn Heritage Association.
Location. Marker has been confirmed missing. It was likely located near 32° 35.271′ N, 85° 28.979′ W. Marker was in Auburn, Alabama, in Lee County. Marker could be reached from Woodfield Drive 0.1 miles east of South College Street (Alabama Route 15), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 901 South College Street, Auburn AL 36830, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. The Old Rotation (approx. 0.4 miles away); Founders' Oak (approx. 0.6 miles away); Pine Hill Cemetery (approx. 0.9 miles away); Desegregation at Auburn (approx. 1.1 miles away); Wittel Dormitory (approx. 1.1 miles away but has been reported missing); Auburn University (approx. 1.1 miles away); Auburn University Chapel (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Lathe (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Auburn.
Also see . . . Encyclopedia of Alabama about Cullars Rotation. (Submitted on June 16, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Agriculture • Education • Horticulture & Forestry •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 16, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 525 times since then and 130 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 16, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of missing marker. • Can you help?