Near Collinsville in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
A Walled City
The Stockade would also serve a social function. The wall enclosed an area of nearly 200 acres, including Monks Mound and 17 other mounds. Those living inside the sacred precinct were somehow different from those living outside, possibly related to the ruling elite. However, it is likely that all citizens would be allowed inside for festivals and ceremonies, or to help defend, if needed. It is not known if the enemy were local or from distant areas, or if the site was ever attacked.
The wood does not survive, but archaeologists can see dark linear stains in the soil marking where the trenches had been dug into the lighter subsoils. Four constructions of wall are evident, often overlapping each other, with the size and shape of the bastions changing each time.
(Upper Left Illustration
Woodpecker head designs from the stone Ramey tablet from Cahokia
(Upper Center Image Caption)
A stockade built 800 years earlier still leaves surface traces. Although not visible from the ground, they can be seen from the air as this 1922 photograph reveals. Discovered decades later, the light streak enabled archaeologists to begin digging right over the ancient stockade in 1966.
Photo courtesy of the Illinois State Museum
(Lower Center Map Caption)
Map of the stockade excavations in this part of the site, showing the four constructions of the walls and their associated bastions and gates.
(Upper Right Illustration Caption)
As shown in these illustrations, the wall was rebuilt several times between AD 1150 to 1250. A new wall replaced an old decaying one. Spaced at 85 foot intervals were defensive towers, called bastions, from which bow and arrow combat could be effectively waged, and L-shaped entryways could be guarded. With each new construction, the spacing between bastions became more precise, indicating standard unit of measure had been developed.
Erected by Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
Location. 38° 39.632′ N, 90° 3.534′ W. Marker is near Collinsville Touch for map. Collins Lane ends in a parking lot for the trail to Monks Mound; marker is located north of the parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Collinsville IL 62234, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cahokia (within shouting distance of this marker); Monks Mound (approx. 0.2 miles away); Grand Plaza (approx. 0.4 miles away); Woodhenge (approx. 0.8 miles away); Lewis and Clark and St. Louis Riverfront (approx. 7 miles away in Missouri); La Grande Rue (approx. 7 miles away in Missouri); Old Mission Hotel (approx. 7 miles away in Missouri); Old Judge Coffee Bldg. (approx. 7.1 miles away in Missouri). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Collinsville.
Also see . . . Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. Official website of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. (Submitted on June 28, 2014.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 28, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 268 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on June 28, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.