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Victoria in Capital Regional District, British Columbia — The Canadian Pacific
 

Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure

 
 
Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 22, 2014
1. Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker
Inscription.

A coast artillery battery consists of one or more gun emplacements and supporting structures and equipment. Its role was defensive; to prevent attack by enemy warships through the use of artillery.

The layout of Upper Battery is typical of a coast defence battery of this period:

High ground and a commanding position...
+ a clear field of fire for the gun...
+ a secure magazine to safely store ammunition close to the gun...
+ a communication system to control gun firing...
+ some protection from land-based attack such as a defensible wall and barbed wire entanglements...
= Upper Battery

Upper Battery was built between 1895 and 1898 in accordance with a British and Canadian agreement to provide permanent coast defences to protect Esquimalt Harbour. The gun was dismounted about 1942. Much of the battery is original. The guardhouse has been restored to about 1906, the date when the British regular garrison at Esquimalt was replaced by a Canadian garrison. The displays focus on the British years of involvement in the defences.
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Une batterie de défense côtière comprenait un ou plusieurs emplacements de canon ainsi que des ouvrages et du materiel de soutien. Elle avait un rôle
Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 22, 2014
2. Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker
Looking north toward Upper Battery entrance
défensif: prévenir les attaques par des navires ennemis.

La disposition de la batterie supérieure est typique de celle des batteries de défense côtière de l’époque:

Terrain élevé et position dominante
+ de tir dégagé pour le canon...
+ magasine souterrain pour entreposer, en toute sécurité, le munitions à proximité du canon...
+ système de communication pour la conduite du tir...
+ ouvrages de protection contre les attaques au sol, p.ex. un mur défensif et des réseax de barbelés...
= batterie supérieure

La batterie supérieure fut construite entre 1895 et 1898 en vertu d'un accord entre la Grande-Bretagne et le Canada pour la construction d'ouvrages de défense côtière permanents pour le port d'Esquimalt. Le canon fut démonté vers 1942. La majeure partie de la batterie est demeurée intacte. Le corps de garde a été rénové comme il était vers 1906, année où la garrison régulière de l'armée britannique à Esquimalt fut remplacée par une garnison canadienne. Les pièces d'exposition mettent en évidence la période de participation des Britanniques à la défense côtière.
 
Erected by Parks Canada.
 
Location. 48° 25.975′ N, 123° 27.215′ W. Marker is in Victoria, British Columbia, in Capital Regional District
Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 22, 2014
3. Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure
Looking south through Upper Battery entrance
. Touch for map. Marker is just inside the entrance gate to the Upper Battery at Fort Rodd Hill and Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Sites of Canada. Marker is at or near this postal address: 603 Fort Rodd Hill Road, Victoria, British Columbia V9C 2W8, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Guardhouse / Corps de garde (a few steps from this marker); Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Defensible Wall / Mur défensif (within shouting distance of this marker); Upper, Lower, Belmont Batteries (within shouting distance of this marker); Heavy Metal and Drugs-in 1912? / La machinerie lourde en 1912... (within shouting distance of this marker); Coast Defence Artillery Positions: 1878-1956 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Victoria and Esquimalt Coast Defences (within shouting distance of this marker); Gun Emplacement / Emplacement du canon (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Victoria.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Rodd Hill and Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Sites of Canada. (Submitted on July 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Fort Rodd Hill Info. (Submitted on July 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker Map image. Click for full size.
By Parks Canada, undated
4. Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker Map

3. A City Goes To War: Coastal Defence. (Submitted on July 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesMan-Made FeaturesWar, World IWar, World II
 
Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker Map Key image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., May 22, 2014
5. Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure Marker Map Key
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 342 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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