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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oxon Hill in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Emancipation in Maryland

 
 
Emancipation in Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, June 24, 2014
1. Emancipation in Maryland Marker
Inscription. On November 1, 1864, new provisions of the Maryland State Constitution brought freedom to the enslaved people of Maryland after 200 years of bondage. Article 24 stated,

“That hereafter, in this State, there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except in punishment of crime … and all persons held to service or labor as slaves, are hereby free.”

Though enslaved people in the states that seceded from the Union had been freed in 1863, the Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation allowed loyal states like Maryland to continue slavery. While many opposed emancipation in Maryland, when put to a public vote it passed. Most slaveholders would not be compensated, as they had demanded, for the resulting loss of their slaves. The first actions of the newly freed as they began to build lives in freedom were to find and reunite with lost family members who had been sold or who had escaped from slavery.

Illustration captions:

lower left: “Twenty-eight Fugitives Escaping from the Eastern Shore of Maryland” – Courtesy of the Library of Congress

lower middle: "Reproduction of an ad in the Washington, DC, newspaper, National Intelligencer - Courtesy of the Archives of Someplacesic

MARYLAND
Close-up of Thomas Nast's Emancipation carving, c. 1865 image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, June 5, 2014
2. Close-up of Thomas Nast's Emancipation carving, c. 1865
FREE!
Slavery Forever Abolished … Proclamation of Gov. Bradford … The New Constitution Adopted … The Soldiers’ Votes … Opinion of the Governor.”

right: “Emancipation” by Thomas Nast, ca. 1865. Wood engraving printed in black and rose. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
 
Erected 2014 by Tanger Outlets: Experience Salubria.
 
Location. 38° 47.566′ N, 77° 0.196′ W. Marker is in Oxon Hill, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Oxon Hill Road (Maryland Route 414) 0.3 miles south of Harborview Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in the Salubria Memorial Garden at the southwest corner of the Tanger Outlet Mall. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6800 Oxon Hill Rd, Oxon Hill MD 20745, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dr. John H. Bayne of Salubria “Prince of Horticulture” (here, next to this marker); Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community (a few steps from this marker); Slavery in the Potomac Valley (within shouting distance of this marker); Judah and Resistance (within shouting distance of this marker); Salubria Changed the Future of the Potomac Valley (within shouting distance of this marker); Front Door to Maryland History (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Hanson (about 800 feet away); "Salubria" (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxon Hill.
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 16, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 333 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 16, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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