Oxon Hill in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Judah and Resistance
Resistance to slavery took many forms – some more extreme and more cruel than others. In November 1834, house slave Judah, a 14 year-old, girl confessed to fatally poisoning three of Dr. Bayne’s children and attempting to set fire to Salubria, his home. Remarkably for the times, she was tried in court. The courthouse records document that Judah had a jury trial in the county seat of Upper Marlboro by twelve White male landowners. She was found guilty and sentenced to be executed by hanging for this crime.
Was her act one of resistance? Press reports from the trial revealed no known motive. In the 200 years of slaveholding in Prince George’s County, enslaved Marylanders carried out thousands of acts of resistance. Besides fleeing North or enlisting in the military during wars, they managed work slowdowns, feigned illness, broke tools, and more seriously, burned property, stole, fought, murdered and conducted armed insurrections.
Those unsuccessful in finding freedom through defiance often faced severe consequences. In spite of deterrents, bondspeople learned that laughing and loving in the face of slavery and all its inhumanity was itself an act of resistance.
Above and far right:
$200 REWARD – Run away from the absconder, raiding in Prince George’s county, opposite Alexandria,
I will give $100 if apprehended in Maryland, District of Columbia, or Virginia, and $200 if taken in a non-slave holding state, and secured so that I get him again.
John H. Bayne
“Document Script” [Hand-written roster (illegible)]
Above and far right:
Reproduction of classified ads for fugitive slaves from the National Intelligencer.
drawing: upper middle,
“Slave women in kitchen” Courtesy of the Library of Congress
TWO HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD
Ran away from the subscriber, on Sunday, the 8th of November, my negro man, "SAM", who calls himself Samuel Tyler. He is ordinary stature, about 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, of rather a copper color, remarkably handsome, and genteel in his appearance. As this servant has had great privileges, he has no doubt accumulated considerable money, and will probably change his clothing. He has taken with him a handsome blue frock coat, one gray coatee with steel buttons, one drab-colored overcoat, one pair of blue pantaloons, and one new pair of light mixed cloth. He went off without provocation, and I have no doubt but he has gone immediately for some free State.
I will give $50 if taken in Prince George’s county, and in the District of Columbia; $100 if taken out of the county. Am in the State of Maryland, and the above reward if taken anywhere else.
JOHN H. BAYNE, Near Alexandria.
Erected 2014 by Tanger Outlets: Experience Salubria.
Location. 38° 47.581′ N, 77° 0.216′ W. Marker is in Oxon Hill, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Oxon Hill Rd. (Maryland Route 414) south of Harborview Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6800 Oxon Hill Road, Oxon Hill MD 20745, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Salubria Changed the Future of the Potomac Valley (here, next to this marker); Slavery in the Potomac Valley (a few steps from this marker); Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community (a few steps from this marker); Emancipation in Maryland (within shouting distance of this marker); Dr. John H. Bayne of Salubria “Prince of Horticulture” (within shouting distance of this marker); Front Door to Maryland History (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Hanson (about 700 feet away); "Salubria" (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxon Hill.
Also see . . .
1. Forgotten Oxon Hill plantation celebrates county's Black heritage, historians say. (Submitted on July 17, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. "Salubria Plantation Tragedy" [You Tube]. (Submitted on July 17, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Using painful pieces of history, Prince George’s hopes to boost tourism. An article by DeNeen L. Brown published June 3, 2014 by The Washington Post. (Submitted on July 19, 2014, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Antebellum South, US •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 16, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 296 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on July 16, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 2. submitted on July 17, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.