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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tybee Island in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Federal Batteries on Tybee Island

 
 
Federal Batteries on Tybee Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 2008
1. Federal Batteries on Tybee Island Marker
Inscription. Between February 21 and April 9, 1862, Federal troops under Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore erected 36 guns in 11 batteries, extending eastwardly on Tybee Island from Lazeretto Creek opposite Fort Pulaski. Two of the Federal batteries consisted of rifled cannon. The work was carried on under cover of darkness and was concealed by day behind a camouflage of branches and brushwood. The Fort was defended by a garrison of 385 men under Col. Charles H. Olmstead of Savannah. Twenty of the 48 guns faced the Federal batteries, but when the bombardment of the fort began from the shore the defenders of the Fort found that they were of insufficient range to damage the attackers. After a continuous bombardment of 30 hours the walls were breached and the Fort was surrendered. It was the first effective use of rifled cannon against a masonry fortification and thus marked an epoch in military history.
 
Erected 1958 by Georgia Historical Commission. (Marker Number 025-60.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Historical Society/Commission marker series.
 
Location. 32° 0.923′ N, 80° 52.195′ W. Marker is in Tybee Island, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker is at the intersection of Islands Expressway
Federal Batteries on Tybee Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
2. Federal Batteries on Tybee Island Marker
(U.S. 80) and Catalina Drive, on the right when traveling west on Islands Expressway. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tybee Island GA 31328, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Turning Point In History (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Long Range Artillery Duel (about 500 feet away); Cockspur Island Lighthouse (about 600 feet away); Lazaretto (approx. half a mile away); Fort Screven (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Breached Wall (approx. 1.4 miles away); Federal Siege Batteries (approx. 1.4 miles away); Brooke Rifle (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tybee Island.
 
Also see . . .
1. National Park Service. On April 10th-11th, 1862, those cannon batteries would fire a new weapon called "Rifled Cannon" at Fort Pulaski and change forever the way the world protected its coastal areas. Within 30 hours, the rifled guns had such a devastating effect on the brick fort that it was surrendered and all forts like Pulaski were considered obsolete. (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Battery Park. (PDF) details of the future plans for Battery Park. (Submitted on May 3, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Batteries
Marker on Tybee Island image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 5, 2013
3. Marker on Tybee Island
Facing Fort Pulaski

The Federal batteries facing Fort Pulaski included:
Battery Totten with four 10-inch mortars.

Battery McClellan with two 84-pdr James Rilfes (modified 42-pdr smoothbores) and two 64-pdr James Rifles (modified 32-pdr smoothbores).

Battery Sigel with five 4.2-in Parrott Rifles and 1 48-pdr James Rifle (modified 24-pdr Smoothbore).

Battery Scott with three 10-in Columbiads and one 8-in Columbiad.

Battery Halleck with two 13-in seacoast mortars.

Battery Sherman with three 13-in seacoast mortars.

Battery Burnside with a single 13-in seacoast mortar.

Battery Lincoln with three 8-in Columbiads.

Battery Lyon with three 10-in Columbiads.

Battery Grant with three 13-in seacoast mortars.

Battery Stanton with three 13-in seacoast mortars.
    — Submitted May 3, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Civil
 
Future entrance for " Battery Park " image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
4. Future entrance for " Battery Park "
The location of the Federal Batteries will be a component of a future rails-to-trails addition to Fort Pulaski National Monument. The trail follows the former bed of the Savannah and Atlantic Railroad along the Savannah River. Battery Park will feature a reconstructed earthwork.
Federal Batteries on Tybee Island, as seen from Fort Pulaski image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
5. Federal Batteries on Tybee Island, as seen from Fort Pulaski
( Left side of Picture depicts): Battery Stanton, Battery Grant, Battery Lyon, Battery Lincoln ( Middle ): Battery Burnside, Battery Sherman ( Right side): Battery Halleck, Battery Scott, Battery Sigel, Battery McClellan, Battery Totten Federal Siege Batteries Thirty-six big guns on Tybee Island, 1 to 1½ miles away, converged their fire on the fort. The bombardment proved that rifled cannon could destroy masonary forts.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,690 times since then and 141 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   3. submitted on December 20, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4, 5. submitted on May 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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