Waynesville in Haywood County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Among the Last to Die
On May 6, a company of Confederate Col. William H. Thomas’s Legion under Lt. Robert T. Conley defeated a company of Bartlett’s mounted infantry at White Sulphur Springs. Conley led his men up the west side of Richland Creek and the Confederates, outnumbered four to one, surprised and routed about 200 of Bartlett’s men near here. The Confederates formed a battle line and fired a volley followed by a vigorous bayonet charge that scattered the Union soldiers. During the engagement, a Federal soldier variously identified as David or James Arwood (or Arrowood) was killed, one of the last men killed in battle east of the Mississippi River during the war. Conley picked up Arwood’s weapon and kept it, later stating, “I still have James Arwood’s gun as a relic.”
The rest of the Federals retired to Waynesville. After a night surrounded by Confederate forces, Bartlett met with their commander, Gen. James Martin, on May 7 at the Battle House to negotiate the surrender of the Union forces. It was this meeting that Martin learned that the Civil War was over—the two largest Confederate armies under Gens. Robert E.
(lower left) Bayonet charges, such as the one depicted here, usually ended most Civil War battles after the combatants exchanged a few rifle volleys. Courtesy Library of Congress
(upper center) Lt. Robert T. Conley; Gen. James G. Martin Courtesy North Carolina Office of Archives and History
(lower right) Last Shot Monument. In 1923, the United Daughters of the Confederacy erected a monument to Conley and the “last shot” fired during the Civil War, about a quarter of a mile east of here on Sulphur Springs Road. There are other sites that make similar claims.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 29.322′ N, 83° 0.166′ W. Marker is in Waynesville, North Carolina, in Haywood County. Marker is on Timothy Lane 0.1 miles west of Blink Bonny Drive, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located on the grounds of Sulphur Springs Park. Marker is in this post office area: Waynesville NC 28786, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least Thomas's Resting Place (approx. 0.7 miles away); Martin's Surrender (approx. 0.7 miles away); Battle House (approx. 0.8 miles away); Old Time Music (approx. 0.9 miles away); N.C. Education Association (approx. 0.9 miles away); Museum Of N.C. Handicrafts (approx. one mile away); Turpin's Chapel - Maple Grove United Methodist Church (approx. 2.2 miles away); "Cataloochee Trail" (approx. 2.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Waynesville.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 19, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 360 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 19, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.