Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Wagon Hotel on Cemetery Hill
On July 1, 1863, when the Federal 1st and 11th Corps were routed on the fields north and west of Gettysburg, the defeated soldiers hurriedly fled towards the citadel of Cemetery Hill. They passed through the town via Baltimore, Washington and Stratton streets, with Confederates in hot pursuit. Fighting occurred in the streets and alleys. Opposing sharpshooters positioned themselves in houses and other structures in the southern end of town.
The Wagon Hotel, located at the intersection of Baltimore Street and Emmitsburg Road, served as the center of the Federal skirmish line along the north face of Cemetery Hill. From this site, Union soldiers dueled with Confederate sharpshooters in the town, firing from the hotelís windows and through holes bored in the roof. William Ker, 73rd PA., recalled a brick house to the left of this place,” where several “Confederate soldiers were killed in one window.”
Erected by Main Street Gettysburg, Inc.
Location. 39° 49.45′ N, 77° 13.856′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of Baltimore Street and Steinwehr Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Baltimore Street. Touch for map. Marker
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The John Rupp House and Tannery Site (within shouting distance of this marker); “. . . your sister is dead.” (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Jennie Wade (about 300 feet away); Baltimore Street - An Historic Corridor (about 400 feet away); The Evolution of Gettysburg's "Common School" (about 400 feet away); "if anyone showed himself..." (about 400 feet away); Unity Through Music (about 500 feet away); Communications Through Music (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
More about this marker. A map in the center of the marker shows troop movements and the position of the marker. The Union retreat and later positions of both armies is also indicated.
Two photographs on the right side of the marker depict “The Wagon Hotel, ca. 1884, Baltimore Street and Emmitsburg Road (Now Steinwehr Avenue); and “Looking northward on Baltimore Street, ca. 1865. The Wagon Hotel left foreground.”
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 20, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 356 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 20, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 26, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 7. submitted on July 20, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 8. submitted on November 26, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.