As shipping became less prosperous in the mid-nineteenth century, the Pilgrim Society (founded in 1820) was able to buy and remove eight of the old commercial establishments to create the smooth slope and stairway as the start of the present park in 1856. The slope all the way down to Leyden Street was done about 1911.
A the top of Cole’s Hill stands the memorial to the Mayflower Pilgrims, erected by the General Society of Mayflower Descendants. The first rediscovery of Pilgrim remains occurred in 1735 following a heavy rain which washed many of the bones down the hill and into the harbor. Remains found nearby during the digging of sewer lines in 1855 and
Massasoit, the chief sachem or leader of the indigenous Wampanoag people governed a federation of autonomous Native American communities in the Plymouth Colony region.
When the Pilgrims arrived his people were recovering from a terrible epidemic that wiped out entire communities (such as Patuxet where Plymouth is today). The powerful Narraganset tribe, which has not suffered such losses, was demanding that Massasoit become their vassal and the Wampanoag territory be subject to their rule. Massasoit instead chose to ally with the Pilgrims and preserve his people’s independence. After Edward Winslow saved his life in 1622, the made Wampanoag leader made a personal commitment to the good relations between the English and the Wampanoag. Together Bradford and Massasoit maintained a sometimes-uneasy peace between the two people that lasted over half century.
The Bridal Tree
At the top of Cole’s Hill are the remains of an ancient linden
The 1809 “Bridal Tree.”
The ancient linden tree as it appears today on the northeast corner of Cole’s Hill
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 41° 57.398′ N, 70° 39.73′ W. Marker is in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in Plymouth County. Marker is on Leyden Street near Water Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Plymouth MA 02360, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Plymouth Waterfront (a few steps from this marker); William Bradford (a few steps from this marker); 1630-1930 (within shouting distance of this marker); Leyden Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Plymouth Rock
Categories. • Colonial Era • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 1, 2014, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 262 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 1, 2014, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.