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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Niagara-on-the-Lake in Niagara Region, Ontario — Central Canada
 

Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada

 
 
Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2012
1. Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker
View of the English text side of the historical marker.
Inscription. On March 14, 1793 Chloe Cooley, an enslaved Black woman in Queenston, was bound, thrown in a boat and sold across the river to a new owner in the United States. Her screams and violent resistance were brought to the attention of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe by Peter Martin, a free Black and former soldier in Butler's Rangers, and William Grisley, a neighbour who witnessed the event. Simcoe immediately moved to abolish slavery in the new province. He was met with opposition in the House of Assembly, some of whose members owned slaves. A compromise was reached and on July 9, 1793 an Act was passed that prevented the further introduction of slaves into Upper Canada and allowed for the gradual abolition of slavery although no slaves already residing in the province were freed outright. It was the first piece of legislation in the British Empire to limit slavery and set the stage for the great freedom movement of enslaved African Americans known as the Underground Railway.
 
Erected by Ontario Heritage Trust, an agency of the Government of Ontario.
 
Location. 43° 11.167′ N, 79° 3.475′ W. Marker is near Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, in Niagara Region. Marker is on Niagara Parkway just north of York Road (County
Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2012
2. Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker
View of the French text side of the historical marker.
Route 81), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. On the east side (the river side) of Niagara Parkway, 3 km north of York Road (Road 81) in Queenston. Marker is in this post office area: Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario L0S 1J0, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Brown's Point (approx. 0.9 kilometers away); Vrooman's Battery (approx. one kilometer away); a different marker also named Brown's Point (approx. 1.3 kilometers away); Freedom Crossing Monument (approx. 1.6 kilometers away in the U.S.); a different marker also named Freedom Crossing Monument (approx. 1.6 kilometers away in the U.S.); The Battle of Queenston Heights (approx. 1.6 kilometers away in the U.S.); a different marker also named The Battle of Queenston Heights (approx. 1.6 kilometers away in the U.S.); Barton House (approx. 1.8 kilometers away in the U.S.). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Niagara-on-the-Lake.
 
Also see . . .
1. Chloe Cooley. This is a link to information provided by the Black History Canada website. (Submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. Chloe Cooley Incident. This is a link to information provided by the rabblepedia website. (Submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

3. Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada. This is a link to information provided by The Ontario Heritage Trust. (Submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

4. Act Against Slavery. This is a link to information provided by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

5. Upper Canadian Act Against Slavery. This is a link to information provided by Wikisource. (Submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican Americans
 
Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2012
3. Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker
View of the historical marker looking south along the Niagara River where the Chloe Cooley incident took place.
Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2012
4. Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker
View of the historical marker looking south along the Niagara Parkway.
Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2012
5. Chloe Cooley and the 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada Marker
View of the historical marker looking north along the Niagara Parkway.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 647 times since then and 124 times this year. Last updated on August 2, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 18, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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