Haymarket in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Haymarket During the War
Inscription. Throughout the Civil War, Haymarket and its residents endured the consequences of occupying an important geographical location. Marching armies
passed through the town during the First and Second Battles of Manassas,
the engagement at Thoroughfare Gap, the “Buckland Races,” and numerous
other cavalry engagements. Confederate Gens. Robert E. Lee, Thomas J.
"Stonewall" Jackson, James Longstreet, J.E.B. Stuart, Joseph E. Johnston, and P.G.T. Beauregard, as well as U.S. Gens. George D. Bayard, James B.
Ricketts, Henry E. Davies, and George A. Custer, all passed through here.
Many young local men joined the Confederate cause, serving in the 8th and
17th Virginia Infantry Regiments. St. Paulís Episcopal Church (built in
1802) was used as a hospital after the First and Second Battles of Manassas, as well as during the measles epidemic that swept through the Confederate
camps, west of the Mantissas Battlefield, in the Autumn of 1861.
By J. J. Prats, October 10, 2006
1. Haymarket During the War
Civilian Hardships Marker
At midnight on November 5, 1862, a few days after Confederate
bushwhackers fired on U.S. troops nearby,
Federals under Gen. Adolph von Steinwehr burned the entire village.
Only the McCormick house remained
intact, and St. Paulís Church was a
mere shell. More than 120 homeless
townspeople took refuge at the church
and nearby farms. Many residents
left Haymarket for good. Of those
who remained, one later wrote, “We endured cold and hardships but man aged to live through it and each year continued to improve our homes.” By the late 1860s, many new houses had been built. St. Paulís Church had been reconstructed within the original walls, and the town was reborn.
2. Close Up of Portraits of Generals from Marker
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 48.737′ N, 77° 38.231′ W. Marker is in Haymarket, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is on Washington Street (John Marshall Highway) (Virginia Route 55) west of Jefferson Street (Old Carolina Road), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Haymarket VA 20169, United States of America.
Other nearby markers.
At least 10 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Haymarket During the Civil War (here, next to this marker); Colonial Roads (within shouting distance of this marker); Haymarket Post Office (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Paul's, Episcopal (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rock Fight (approx. 1.5 miles away); Bull Run Battlefields (approx. 1.5 miles away); Campaign of Second Manassas (approx. 1.5 miles away); Second Battle of Manassas (approx. 1.5 miles away); The Macrae School (approx. 1.7 miles away); The Shirley Cemetery (approx. 2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Haymarket.
By J. J. Prats, October 10, 2006
3. Two Markers Next to the Haymarket Museum
Also see . . . Buckland Races. (Submitted on December 16, 2006.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 16, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,860 times since then and 108 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 16, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.