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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Twentieth-Century Hampton

“From the Sea to the Stars”

 
 
Twentieth-Century Hampton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, September 1, 2014
1. Twentieth-Century Hampton Marker
Inscription. The recovery that began with the seafood and hotel industries after the Civil War continued well into Hamptonís fourth century. Oysters and d crabs were packed and shipped around the world. Tourism got a boost when the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad ran a spur from the new town of Phoebus to Buckroe Beach. After a disastrous fire that leveled the Chamberlin Hotel in 1920, a new Chamberlin later reopened and tourists again flocked to Old Point.

By far the most important economic development in the new century was the governmentís decision in 1916 to locate a flying field north of town, named for aviation pioneer Samuel P. Langley. It would become a major center for the growing Army Air Corps, then evolve after World War II into Langley Air Force Base.

At the same time, a new laboratory for the burgeoning science of flight opened nearby. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, NACA, led the way in improving aircraft performance. When the space age dawned, its name became NASA, and here were trained the nationís astronauts who would take mankindís first steps on the moon. In 1985, Hamptonís past and future became defined by the words “From the Sea to the Stars.”

As surrounding farms began giving way to suburban development, Hampton, Phoebus, and Elizabeth City County were consolidated in
Twentieth-Century Hampton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher
2. Twentieth-Century Hampton Marker
1952 to make up the present boundaries of Hampton City. In 1960, under the leadership of School Superintendent C. Alton Lindsay, Hampton began the desegregation of its public school system, four years prior to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and without a court order.

The soaring Hampton Coliseum opened in 1970, providing a venue for sports, conventions, entertainment, recreation, and shows, and attracting millions over the years. In 1972 and 2002, Hampton was named an All-America City.

(captions)
(left) Downtown Hampton around 1900. Courtesy of the Hampton History Museum
(lower left) Fire completely destroyed the first Chamberlin Hotel on MArch 7, 1920. It was replaced by the Chamberlin-Vanderbilt Hotel, which opened in 1928. Courtesy of the Hampton History Museum
(upper right) The Hampton Coliseum is an entertainment venue on which construction begun in l968 and has housed numerous sporting events and musical acts including performances by Elvis Preley, Michael Jackson, The Rolling Stones, Metallica, and many more. The Coliseum is pictured here in 1970. Courtesy of the Hampton History Museum
(lower right) The full-scale wind tunnel at NACA became operational in 1931. Courtesy of NASA Langley Research Center Public Affairs Office
 
Erected 2010.
 
Location.
Hampton Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher
3. Hampton Markers
37° 1.472′ N, 76° 20.612′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Settlers Landing Road and South King Street, on the left when traveling west on Settlers Landing Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 602 Settlers Landing Road, Hampton VA 23669, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ninteenth-Century Hampton (here, next to this marker); Seventeenth-Century Hampton (here, next to this marker); Eighteenth-Century Hampton (a few steps from this marker); Langley Field: Creating an Air Force (a few steps from this marker); Langley Field: Discovering Aerospace (a few steps from this marker); Hampton (within shouting distance of this marker); Hampton Is Burned (within shouting distance of this marker); British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
 
Categories. Air & SpaceEntertainmentIndustry & Commerce
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 476 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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