Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Sack of Hampton / The War of 1812
Sack of Hampton
As British Gen. Sidney Beckwith dispersed the local militia on 25 June 1813, Adm. Sir George Cockburn feigned an attack with barges at the mouth of the Hampton River. Hampton’s water battery was abandoned and the British occupied the town. Their initial march in the town became known as the Sack of Hampton. There were reports that “at little Hampton, every horror was committed with impunity—rape, murder, pillage.” These outrages became a rallying cry for the defense of the Chesapeake. By the end of June, the British left to raid elsewhere.
The War of 1812
Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America’s War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rappahannock, and Potomac rivers. The Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk in 1813, and engaged British forces throughout the war. By the end of the war, more than 2000 enslaved African Americans in Virginia had gained their freedom aboard British ships.
Erected 2011 by Department of Historic
Location. 36° 59.984′ N, 76° 22.405′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Chesapeake Avenue (Virginia Route 167) and Powhatan Parkway, on the right when traveling west on Chesapeake Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23661, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Indian River Park – In The Heart Of Olde Wythe (here, next to this marker); The Hampton Roads Golf And Country Club (approx. ¼ mile away); Hampton Roads – World’s Greatest Harbor (approx. 0.3 miles away); Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake / The War of 1812 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Olde Wythe During Colonial Times (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Development Of Olde Wythe (approx. half a mile away); Fertile Hunting Grounds For The Indians (approx. 0.6 miles away); Stalemate in Hampton Roads (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
Categories. • African Americans • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 600 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.