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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Beaufort in Carteret County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Beaufort

Union Occupation and Confederate Spies

 
 
Beaufort Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 15, 2014
1. Beaufort Marker
Inscription. Before the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, local citizens formed the Beaufort Harbor Guards. These Confederate sympathizers, led by Capt. Josiah Pender, occupied Fort Mason when the sole guard, U.S. Army Ordnance Sgt. William Alexander, quietly surrendered.

During the siege of Fort Macon (Mar. 23-Apr. 25, 1862), Union signalman on the porch of the Atlantic Hotel directed the Federal artillery in the dunes so that the shells fell accurately on the fort. Afterward, the hotel served U.S. forces as Hammond Hospital until the war ended, then it reopened as the Atlantic Hotel. The Sisters of Mercy, Roman Catholic nuns from New York, cared for the wounded and sick of Beaufort between July 1862 and May 1863.

Josiah Fisher Bell, whose house stands on the grounds of the Beaufort Historic Site, served as a Confederate secret agent and helped coordinate the movement of Southern troops into and out of the area. In April 1864, he planned and executed a mission to destroy the Cape Lookout lighthouse. His group succeeded in destroying one lighthouse and severely damaging the other.

The Old Burying Ground here contains the burial markers of both Confederate and Union soldiers as well as the graves of slaves and free blacks. Broad Street (to the north) became a major center for black refugees, and the area was known
Beaufort Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 15, 2014
2. Beaufort Marker
as Union City. During the Federal occupation of Beaufort, the deep-water port became an important coaling and repair station for the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

(sidebar)
Beaufort, N.C.-Beaufort is an important place in North Carolina, periodically threatened by the rebels, who fret and fume over our possession of their sea coast. Our sketch gives a view of Beaufort, from Morehead city.

Beaufort was, in other days, a port of entry. It is the capital of Carteret county, and stands as the mouth of Newport river, a few miles from the sea. The harbor is considered the best in the state and is defended by Fort Macon, and gallantly taken by our forces.

(captions)
(center) Josiah Fisher Bell
(upper right) Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, April 28, 1862. View of Fort Macon and Beaufort Harbor.
(lower right) Below are a few points of interest. A more detailed walking tour brochure is available inside the Historic Site Welcome Center.
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 34° 43.065′ N, 76° 39.916′ W. Marker is in Beaufort, North Carolina, in Carteret
Beaufort Historic Site-Josiah Fisher Bell House image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 15, 2014
3. Beaufort Historic Site-Josiah Fisher Bell House
County. Marker is on Turner Street north of Middle Lane, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. The marker is on the grounds of the Beaufort Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 130 Turner Street, Beaufort NC 28516, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Old Burying Ground (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Jacob Henry (about 600 feet away); Whale Fishery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Salt Works (approx. 0.2 miles away); Spanish Attack (approx. 0.2 miles away); Marine Research (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fort Macon (approx. 1.6 miles away); Fort Macon Coast Guard Station (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beaufort.
 
Also see . . .  Beaufort Historic Site. (Submitted on September 10, 2014.)
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
Josiah Bell House image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 15, 2014
4. Josiah Bell House
Josiah Bell Tombstone-Old Burying Ground Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 15, 2014
5. Josiah Bell Tombstone-Old Burying Ground Cemetery
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 10, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 249 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 10, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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