Rutherfordton in Rutherford County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Green River Plantation
óStoneman's Raid ó
On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, and the Piedmont Railroad. He struck at Boone on March 28, headed into Virginia on April 2, and returned to North Carolina a week later. Stonemanís Raid ended at Asheville on April 26, the day that Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnson surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham.
Late in April 1865, Green River Plantation received uninvited guests: a detachment of U.S. cavalrymen, likely part of Col. William J. Palmerís brigade of Stonemanís raiders. Hungry men and horses in need of forage filled the yard. According to family tradition, horses quartered in the house left footprints in the parlor floor.
Union Gen. Alvan C. Gillemís brigade of Stonemanís command entered Polk County from Rutherford County and rode through Columbus on April 22, after Confederate forces blocked Gillemís path to Asheville at Swannanoa Gap. He ordered Col. William J. Palmer, who was taking another route, to establish his headquarters in Rutherfordton, then follow Gillemís force. Palmer remained in Rutherfordton until
Another Union foraging party arrived at Green River Plantation in November 1863. Margaret Carson Weaver, who owned the property, wrote to her niece on November 14,
We have had at our door the devil himself. The (Federals) took what food we had stored in the house and demanded that our chickens be killed for their supper. After no more than an hour they left his place, but they said they would come back. We no longer feel as safe as we once did.
Joseph McDowell Carson, born at the Carson House in McDowell County, built this house early in the 19th century. It reflects Federal-style architecture remodeled about mid-century in the Greek Revival style. Carson died in 1860. His son, John Montazuma Carson, enlisted in Co. B (Butler Guards), 2nd South Carolina Infantry in May 1861 and was wounded in the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861. Within hours of the battle, trains carried many of the casualties to the general hospital in Charlottesville, Virginia. John
(lower left) Green River Plantation, ca. 1879 Courtesy Green River Plantation; Margaret Carson Weaver Courtesy Green River Plantation
(upper right) John M. Carson Courtesy Dr. William I. Forbes III
(lower right) Route of Stoneman's Raid in Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina, March-April 1865 -
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 17.085′ N, 82° 1.194′ W. Marker is in Rutherfordton, North Carolina, in Rutherford County. Marker is on Coxe Road (County Route 1005) 0.4 miles east of River Crest Parkway, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6333 Coxe Road, Rutherfordton NC 28139, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rutherfordton (approx. 6.7 miles away); Tryon's March (approx. 6.8 miles away); North Carolina / South Carolina (approx. 6.8 miles away); Ibra Charles Blackwood Rutherford County (approx. 6.8 miles away); Rutherfordton Confederate Monument (approx. 6.8 miles away); Stoneman's Raid (approx. 6.8 miles away); First Baptist Church (approx. 6.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rutherfordton.
Also see . . . Green River Plantation. (Submitted on September 25, 2014.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 24, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 349 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 24, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.