Near Abilene in Taylor County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
(February 15, 1941 - March 21, 1945)
A medical replacement training center, the largest in the country, was also established here, with 15 battalions. In May, 1942, the Medical Administrative Corps Officer Candidate School was activated and graduated about 12,500 candidates.
Camp Barkeley eventually grew to be a complete city unit twice the size of Abilene of the 1940's. It had a 2,300-bed hospital, 2 cold storage plants, a bakery, 4 theaters, 2 service clubs for enlisted men, 15 chapels, and 35 post exchange buildings.
The military personnel were housed in hutments, except for some 4,000 in barracks. Part of the post was also a German prisoner-of-war camp. Once some of the prisoners escaped, to the alarm of Abilene citizens, and others attempted to tunnel under the fences. Camp Barkeley was declared surplus in 1945.
Erected 1969 by Texas State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number
Location. 32° 21.404′ N, 99° 52.008′ W. Marker is near Abilene, Texas, in Taylor County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 277 and County Road 257, on the right when traveling north on U.S. 277. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Abilene TX 79606, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Drummond Cemetery (approx. 0.8 miles away); Dyess Elementary School (approx. 5.2 miles away); Taylor County (approx. 5.4 miles away); The Ernie Wilson Museum (approx. 5.4 miles away); Vicinity of Indian Fight (approx. 5.8 miles away); Town of Buffalo Gap (approx. 5.8 miles away); Buffalo Gap College (approx. 5.8 miles away); Air Force Medal of Honor Recipients (approx. 6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Abilene.
Also see . . .
1. Camp Barkeley. From the Texas State Historical Association’s “Handbook of Texas Online”. (Submitted on October 6, 2014.)
2. Camp Barkeley - Texas Escapes. From the Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Includes photographs and a description of today’s remnants of Camp Barkeley. (Submitted on October 6, 2014.)
3. David B. Barkley - Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on October 6, 2014.)
Categories. • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 6, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 365 times since then and 82 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 6, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. 7. submitted on October 6, 2014.