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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Halifax in Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814

 
 
Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
1. Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814 Marker
Captions: (left side) Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross; The death of Robert Ross / La mort de Robert Ross; Ross Monument - Rostrevor, County Down, Ireland / Le Monument Ross - Rostrevor, Comté de Down, Irlande; (Inscription on the tomb of Robert Ross; (right side) Officiers silver belt plate; Regimental Colours of the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment; Gravestone of Richard Smith.
Inscription. English
Major General Ross sailed to North America in the summer of 1814 from the Peninsular War against France to command the British army on the east coast of the United States, opening a second front to relieve the pressure on the Niagara Peninsula. He personally lead the British troops ashore and marched through Maryland to attack the Americans at Bladensberg on August 24, 1814. From Bladensberg Ross captured Washington D.C. and burned the public buildings of the city, including the White House, in retaliation for the destructive American raids into Canada, most notably the burning of York (Toronto). From Washington Ross marched on Baltimore and was killed approaching that city by a sniper’s bullet on September 12, 1814. His body was brought to Halifax where it was buried with full military honours.

The body of the gallant and much lamented Major General Ross was interred in St. Paul’s Church yard on Thursday last. The Corpse left the Flagship precisely at 3 o’clock under a discharge of half-minute guns and arrived at the King’s Wharf where it was received by the Grenadier Company of the 64th Regiment and followed to the grave by all the principal Naval and Military officies and a large number of inhabitants.” - Acadian Recorder, October 1, 1814

French
L’été 1814, après
Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
2. Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814 Marker
The tomb of Major General Ross is in the background.
avoir participé à la guerre péninsulaire contre la France, le Major-Général Ross prend la mer pour l’Amérique de Nord afin de commander l’armée britannique sur la côté est des États-Unis dans le but d’ouvrir un deuxième front pour soulager la pression sur la péninsule du Niagara. Il dirige la débarquement de ses troops qui traversent le Maryland pour attaquer les Américains à Bladensberg le 24 août 1814. Après Bladensberg, Ross capture Washington, D.C., incendie les édifices publics de la ville, y compris la Maison Blanc. Il s’agit de représailles pour les raids destructeurs des Américains au Canada, surtout le fait d’avoir incendié York (Toronto). De Washington, Ross se dirige vers Baltimore. Le 12 septembre 1814, à l’approche de la ville, il est tué par la balle d’un tireur d’élite. Son corps est ramené à Halifax où il est enterré avec les pleins honneurs militaires.

«Le corps du galant et très regretté Major-Général Ross fut enterró au cimetière Saint-Paul jeudi dernier. Le dépouille quitta le navire étendard à 3 heures exactement, sous le salute des cannons tirés à intervalles d’une demi-minute, et arriva du Quai Kings où elle fut reçue par la Compagnie des grenadiers du 64ᵉ Régiment, et de là elle fut suivie jusqu’à la tombe par tous les principaux officiers de la Marine et de l’Armée et un grand nombre d’habitants». - Acadian Recorder, le 1er
The Tomb of Major General Robert Ross image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
3. The Tomb of Major General Robert Ross
octobre 1814

(Inscription on the tomb of Major General Robert Ross)
English
HERE • On the 29th of September 1814 • was committed to the Earth • the body • of • Major General Robert Ross • who • after having distinguished himself in all ranks as an officer • in • Egypt, Italy, Portugal, Spain, France & America • was killed • at the commencement of a Action • which terminated in the defeat and Rout • of • the troops of the United States • near Baltimore • on the 12th of September • 1814 • at • Rosstrevor • the seat of his Family in Ireland • a Monument •more worthy of his Memory • has been erected • by • The Noblemen and Gentlemen of His Country • and • The Officer of a Grateful Army • which • Under his Conduct • attacked and dispersed the Americans • at • Bladensberg • on the 24th of August 1814 • and • the same day Victoriously entered • Washington • The Capital of the United States • in • Saint Paul’s Catherdral • a Monument • has also been erected to his Memory • by • his country


French
ICI • le 29 septembre 1814 • fut enterré • le corps • du • Major-Général Robert Ross • qui • après s’être distingué â tous les rangs en tant qu’officier • en • Egypte, Italie, Portugal, Espagne, France & Amérique • fut tué • au début d’une action • quid prit fin avec
Inscription on the tomb of Major General Robert Ross image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
4. Inscription on the tomb of Major General Robert Ross
la défaite et la déroute • des • troupes des États-Unis • près de Baltimore • le 12 septembre • 1814 • À • Rosstrevor • le siège de sa famille en Irlande • un monument • plus digne de sa mémoire • fut érigé • par • Les Nobles et Les Gentilhommes De Son Pays • et • Les Officiers D’une Armée Reconnaissante • qui • sous ses ordres • attaqua et dispersa les Américains • à • Bladensberg • le 24 août 1814 • et • le même jour entra Victorieusement dans • Washington • La Capitale Des États-Unis • À • La Cathédrale Saint-Paul • un monument • fut aussi érigé à sa mémoire • par • son pays


To your right at 15 paces is the grave of … / À 15 pas a votre droite se trouver la tombe du…

Sergeant / Sergent Richard Smith • 1790-1819
Colour Sergeant, 104th Regiment of Foot (New Brunswick) / Sergent Couleur, 104ᵉ Régiment de Fantassins (Nouveau Brunswick)

(Inscription on the gravestone of Sergeant Richard Smith)
English
Sacred to the Memory of • Richard Smith Esqr • who departed this life on the • 21 Sept 1819 aged 29 years • This young man served nearly the whole • of the last American War upon the Niagara • frontier in his Majesty’s 104 Regiment • In an attack upon Fort Erie this brave man • lead the forlorn hope during the • performance of this arduous & dangerous •
Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, n.a
5. Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814 Marker
duty he received five wounds one of which • occasioned the loss of his right arm • The exemplary conduct of the deceased was • the means of his being appointed • as Magistrate for the county of • Northumberland Province of • New Brunswick


French
À la pieuse mémoire du • M. Richard Smith • qui quitta cette vie • le 21 sept 1819 âgé de 29 ans • Ce jeune servit presque toute • la dernières guerre américaine à la frontière du Niagara • frontière dans le 104 Régiment de sa Majesté • Lors d’une attaque du fort Erie cet homme courageux • mena contre tout espoir au cours de • l’exécution de ce devoir difficile et dangereux • il subit cinq blessures dont une • causa la perte de son bras droit • La conduite exemplaire du défunt fut • la raison de sa nomination • au Magistrat de comté du • Northumberland Province du Nouveau Brunswick


English
Richard Smith was discharged in 1815. He returned to New Brunswick to begin a new life in Buctouche. He was in Halifax in 1819 when he died, age 29.

In recognition of his service, he was buried in the military section of the Burying Grounds not far from the grave of another hero, Major-General Robert Ross.

Richard Smith symbolizes the ‘other ranks’ - enlisted men who were called from the Maritime Provinces, endured the 1813 winter march from Fredericton
The British Burning Washington image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, n.a
6. The British Burning Washington
to Kingston and fought bravely with great sacrifice throughout the Niagara campaign.

French
Richard Smith fut réformé en 1815. Il rentra au Nouveau Brunswick pour commencer un nouvelle vie à Bouctouche. Il est mort à Halifax en 1819 âgé de 29 ans.

En reconnaissance de son service, il fut enterré dans la section militaire du View cimetière non loin de la tombe d’un autre héros, le Major-Général Robert Ross.

Richard Smith symbolise les autres rangs, les hommes (enlisais,?) dans le provinces Maritimes qui ont enduré la marche du Fredericton à Kingston pendant l’hiver 1813 et qui sont battus avec d’énormes sacrifices tout au long de la Campagne du Niagara.
 
Erected by Old Burying Ground Foundation.
 
Location. 44° 38.594′ N, 63° 34.369′ W. Marker is in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Halifax Regional Municipality. Marker can be reached from Barrington Street just from Spring Garden Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1480 Barrington Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Carved in Stone (a few steps from this marker); Mr. John Samwell (within shouting distance of this marker); The Welsford Parker Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); The Old Burying Ground (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Old Burying Ground (within shouting distance of this marker); Why Aren’t We Americans? • Pourquoi ne sommes-nous pas des Américains? (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Old Burying Ground (within shouting distance of this marker); Pierre Maillard (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Halifax.
 
More about this marker. The tomb of Major General Robert Ross is in the Old Burying Ground cemetery.
 
Also see . . .  Major General Robert Ross and the War of 1812 - U.S, Capital History Society. A letter received by Admiral Cockburn–whose flotilla was working its way up the Potomac River–from the Governor General of Upper Canada, Sir George Prevost, detailed recent American actions including the burning of several settlements along the frontier, prompting Ross and Cockburn to take action against American government property in retaliation for the burning of their own capital. (Submitted on October 11, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesWar of 1812
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 11, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 351 times since then and 42 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 11, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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