Near Dresden in Chatham-Kent County, Ontario — Central Canada
The Dawn Settlement
La Colonie de Dawn
In the 1830s, the Reverend Josiah Henson and other abolitionists sought ways to provide refugees from slavery with the education and skills they needed to become self-sufficient in Upper Canada. They purchased 200 acres of land here in 1841 and established the British American Institute, one of the first schools in Canada to emphasize vocational training. The community of Dawn developed around the institute. Its residents farmed, attended the institute, and worked at sawmills, grist-mills, and other local industries. Some returned to the United States after emancipation was proclaimed in 1863. Others remained, contributing to the establishment of a significant black community in this part of the province.
Dans les années 1830, le pasteur Josiah Henson et d’autres abolitionnistes cherchent des moyens de donner aux rescapés de l’esclavage l’éducation et les habiletés qu’il leur faillait pour pouvoir subvenir à leurs propres besoins dans le Haut-Canada. En 1841, ils achètent 200 acres de terrain ici et créent le British American Institute, une des premières écoles au Canada à mettre l’accent sur l’apprentissage d’un métier. La communauté de Dawn se développe autour de l’institut. Ses résidents vivent de l’agriculture, fréquentant l’institut et travaillent dans les scieries, les moulins à
Erected by Ontario Heritage Trust.
Location. 42° 35.09′ N, 82° 11.77′ W. Marker is near Dresden, Ontario, in Chatham-Kent County. Marker is at the intersection of Uncle Tom's Road and Park Street, on the right when traveling west on Uncle Tom's Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 29252 Uncle Tom's Road, Dresden, Ontario N0P, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 18 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Harris House (within shouting distance of this marker); Sawmill (within shouting distance of this marker); Spirituality and Community (within shouting distance of this marker); Henson House (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Josiah Henson (about 90 meters away); The Founding of Dresden (approx. 1.5 kilometers away); Burning of British Ships / American Encampment (approx. 16.7 kilometers away); The Legend of the Paw Paw (approx. 16.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dresden.
Also see . . .
1. Dresden /The Dawn Settlement - Black History Canada (Submitted on October 29, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
2. Uncle Tom's Cabin - Dawn Settlement- Ontario Historical Trust. Josiah Henson used his freedom to help establish the Dawn Settlement – a community where Blacks could share their skills, labour and resources to help each other and give aid to newly arriving settlers. This spirit of co-operation was embodied by the church, one of the Black community’s most important institutions. The church served as a place of worship and a centre for meetings, educational, recreation and social activities. (Submitted on October 29, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 29, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 370 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 29, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.