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St. Augustine in Saint Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Spreading the Wealth Since 1900

The Modern Solution for the original “Dirty Job”!

 
 
Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
1. Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker
Inscription.
You think your job is tough?
Try being a manure spreader in the 1800s.


Imagine the relief for farmers when the first practical manure spreader was introduced to the farm in 1900. It was developed and patented by Joseph Oppenheim, a schoolmaster who was concerned about how much time his young students were forced to work in the fields. In 1800, he developed a system of paddle distribution (from watching a paddleball game his students were playing) to increase the distribution spread, thus eliminating the need for workers to do this manually. This was the innovation that made the device effective. He began to manufacture his “new idea” in 1900, and the manure spreader quickly became an essential addition to the roster of new labor-saving agricultural tools.

The horse-drawn manure spreader you see here dates from the 1930s.
It was made of long leaf yellow pine, which was resistant to the acid in the manure, and boasted the shortest turning radius of any spreader on the market. A brake attachment, end gate, and lime-throwing attachment were available as optional equipment.
 
Location. 29° 54.475′ N, 81° 19.16′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in Saint Johns County. Marker is
Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker (<i>inset detail</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
2. Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker (inset detail)
at the intersection of San Marco Avenue (Business U.S. 1) and Missouri Avenue, on the left when traveling south on San Marco Avenue. Touch for map. Marker and subject Oliver Superior Manure Spreader are located in front of the Oldest Store Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 167 San Marco Avenue, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chain Gangs (within shouting distance of this marker); The Old St. Johns County Jail (within shouting distance of this marker); The 1910 Mary Peck House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gault Street (about 700 feet away); Fountain of Youth Archaeological Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Spanish Muster Site in Florida (approx. 0.2 miles away); Nelmar Terrace Historic District (approx. 0.3 miles away); Mission Nombre de Dios (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Also see . . .  Joseph Oppenheim.
Joseph Oppenheim (March 1, 1859 – November 24, 1901) was an educator who invented the modern widespread manure spreader that made farming less labor-intensive and far more efficient in the early 20th century. He is honored for that invention in the Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame in Columbus, Ohio. (Submitted on December 11, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker (<i>detail</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
3. Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker (detail)

 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceRoads & Vehicles
 
Oldest Store Museum (<i>behind spreader</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
4. Oldest Store Museum (behind spreader)
Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker & Manure Spreader image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
5. Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 Marker & Manure Spreader

The marker is nearly horizontal, resting upon a wooden base designed to look like shipping crates.
Oliver Superior Manure Spreader c1930 image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
6. Oliver Superior Manure Spreader c1930

The marker and manure spreader are located directly in front of St. Augustine's Oldest Store Museum.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 11, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 245 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 11, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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