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Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Prelude to War

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 

—War of 1812 —

 
Prelude to War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
1. Prelude to War Marker
Inscription. Events here October 4, 1808, known as “Gin Riots” were more rallies than riots. Some 1,300 horsemen, 400 sailors, and thousands of civilians paraded to Hampstead Hill to destroy 720 gallons of Dutch gin.

The British, intercepting Baltimore-based Sophia at sea, demanded a tax on each gallon of gin. When Sophia returned home, citizens---angered that the “infamous tribute” had been paid---ordered the cargo “condemned to flames” in protest.

Tensions Mount-The Sophia episode was just one of numerous times the British stopped American merchant ships---sometimes forcing crewmen into the Royal Navy. Many unlucky ships and sailors hailed from Baltimore.

“…the brig Sophia, of Baltimore…was boarded by an English gun brig, the commander of which ordered (the) vessel to England to pay duties on his cargo.”
–Easton Republican Star, November 4, 1808.

(Inscription beside the image on the left)
With great ceremony, fires consumed the barrels of gin hanging from makeshift gallows on Hampstead Hill.

(Inscription beside the image on the right)
The practice of “impressments” forcing American sailors into the British navy was one of the causes of the War of 1812.

(Inscription under the image on the right)
Impressment of American seamen following

Prelude to War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
2. Prelude to War Marker
the defeat of the USS Chesapeake by HMS Leopard, June 1807-Image/The Granger Collection, New York.
 
Erected by National Park Service-United States Department of the Interior.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 39° 17.418′ N, 76° 35.034′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is on South Patterson Park Avenue. Touch for map. The marker is located in Patterson Park near the Pagoda. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21231, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Patterson Park (a few steps from this marker); Show of Strength (within shouting distance of this marker); The Star-Spangled Banner Centennial Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); This Cannon Marks Rodgers Bastion (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); Spanish American War Monument (approx. 0.4 miles away); Recinoso (approx. 0.4 miles away); General Casimir Pulaski (approx. 0.4 miles away); Ferdinand Clairborne Latrobe (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baltimore.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Entrance gates to Patterson Park-Established 1827 image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
3. Entrance gates to Patterson Park-Established 1827
Prelude to War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
4. Prelude to War Marker
The Baltimore Gin Riot, 1808 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
5. The Baltimore Gin Riot, 1808
With great ceremony, fires consumed the barrels of gin hanging from makeshift gallows on Hampstead Hill.
Close-up of Gerry Embleton painting on marker
Impressment of American Seamen following the defeat of the USS Chesapeake by HMS Leopard, June 1807 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
6. Impressment of American Seamen following the defeat of the USS Chesapeake by HMS Leopard, June 1807
The practice of “impressments” forcing American sailors into the British navy was one of the causes of the War of 1812.
Close-up of painting on marker
The Granger Collection, New York.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 684 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   4, 5, 6. submitted on December 24, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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